Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- For the musician and actor, see John Doe (musician)
- For the television series, see John Doe (Television series)
- For the children's book by L. Frank Baum, see John Dough and the Cherub
In English-speaking common-law jurisdiction, the name John Doe is used for a defendant or victim in a legal example or for a person whose identity is unknown or is intended to be anonymous. Male corpses whose identity is unknown are also known by the name John Doe. A female who is not known is referred to as Jane Doe. A child whose identity is unknown is referred to as Precious Doe. Additional people in the same family may be called James Doe, Judy Doe, etc.
The Oxford English Dictionary states that John Doe is "the name given to the fictitious lessee of the plaintiff, in the (now obsolete) mixed action of ejectment, the fictitious defendant being called Richard Roe".
An account of the reasons why a fictitious tenant and a fictitious defendant were named is found in Charles Rembar 's book The Law of the Land.
By extension from the law usage, John Doe is often used in computer software needing a default or example first and last name for a form.
John Doe in other countries
|Australia||Fred Nurk, Joe Farnarkle|
|Austria||Hans Meier, Hans Maier, Hans Mayer, Herr und Frau Österreicher|
|Belgium||Jan Janssen, Piet Pietersen|
|Brazil||Beltrano, Ciclano, Fulano, Zé ninguém, Joăo da Silva, Zé da Silva, Joăo Ninguém, Maria Ninguém|
|China||陈小明 (Mandarin: Chen Xiao Ming / Cantonese: Chan Siu Ming)|
|Colombia||Fulano de Tal, Pepito Pérez;|
|Croatia||Ivan Horvat, Pero Perić|
|Czech Republic||Jan Novák, Karel Vomáčka|
|Finland||Matti and Maija Meikäläinen|
|France||Jean Dupont, Monsieur Durand|
|Germany||Max and Erika Mustermann, Lischen Schmidt, Otto Normalverbraucher|
|Iceland||Međal-Jón, Međal-Jóna, Jón Jónsson, Jóna Jónsdóttir|
|Republic of Ireland||Seán and Síle Citizen|
|Israel||Israel Israeli ישראל ישראלי and also Ploni פלוני and Almoni (as a party to Ploni)|
|Japan||名無しの権兵衛 (Nanashi no Gonbei)|
|Korea||홍길동 (Hong, Guil Dong)|
|Lithuania||Jonas Jonaitis, Petras Petraitis|
|Malaysia||Si Anu, Si Polan, Si Polan Bin Si Polan|
|Netherlands||a defendant is referred to with first name and initial, e.g. "Mohamed B."; Jan Modaal is approximately the Joneses, in particular referring to average wealth|
|Norway||Ola and Kari Nordmann|
|Peru||Juan Pérez, Fulano de Tal, Zutano, Mengano|
|Philippines||Juan dela Cruz|
|Poland||Jan Kowalski, Jan Nowak (but in legal/police work person unknown is NN)|
|Russia||Ivanov, Petrov and Sidorov, Vasya Pupkin, Vasya Tapochkin|
|Serbia and Montenegro||Petar Petrovic|
|South Africa||Koos van der Merwe|
|Sweden||Medel-Svensson, Sven Svensson|
|Switzerland||Herr und Frau Schweizer, Hans Meier, Hans Mustermann|
|Thailand||Somchai, Sommai, Nai-Gor|
|United Kingdom||Fred Bloggs or Joe Bloggs, John Smith|
|Uruguay||Fulano, Mengano; Juan Perez|
|USA||John Doe, Jane Doe, John Q. Public, Joe Blow, Joe Sixpack, Sally Sixpack, John Smith (which has largely been replaced with John Doe)|
- Legal fiction
- Numerius Negidius
- A. N. Other
- John Smith
- John Q. Public
- Alice and Bob
- Keeping up with the Joneses
- Placeholder name
Jane Doe is also the name of:
- a song by hard rock band Mr. Big from their album Hey Man released in 1996.
- a 2001 album by extreme metal band Converge.
- a character in Galaxy Quest (not, obviously, her real name).
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