Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh (November 12, 1842 - June 30, 1919) was a British physicist who (with William Ramsay) discovered the element argon, an achievement that earned him the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904. He also discovered the phenomenon now called Rayleigh scattering and predicted the existence of the surface waves now known as Rayleigh waves.
Strutt was born in Langford Grove, Essex on November 12, 1842. In his early years he suffered frailty and poor health.
He began studying mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1861 and graduated in 1865. He was subsequently elected to a Fellowship of Trinity College. He held the post until his marriage to Evelyn Balfour in 1871.
In 1873 his father John James Strutt died, and the younger Strutt inherited the Barony of Rayleigh.
Rayleigh died on June 30, 1919 in Witham, Essex.
- Rayleigh criterion
- Rayleigh fading
- Rayleigh scattering
- Rayleigh number
- Rayleigh waves
- Rayleigh-Jeans law
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details