Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Josť Canseco Capas, Jr. (born July 2, 1964) is a former Major League Baseball player. He was born in Havana, Cuba, and is the twin brother of another Major League Baseball player, Ozzie Canseco . His family left Cuba when he and his brother were infants, and he grew up in Miami.
Canseco did not attend college on a baseball scholarship. He was signed by the Oakland Athletics and began playing in 1986, causing a splash immediately. He was named American League Rookie of the Year after connecting on 33 home runs that year. In 1987, he was joined on the team by Mark McGwire, who hit 49 home runs that year, and together they became known as the "Bash Brothers." In 1988, Canseco became the first player in Major League Baseball's history to hit at least 40 homers and steal at least 40 bases in the same year. That year, he helped the Athletics to the World Series but they lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in five games. Canseco was unanimously named the American League Most Valuable Player in 1988.
In 1989, Canseco was injured most of the year, but he still managed to hit 17 homers as the Athletics won their first World Series since 1974, when they beat the San Francisco Giants in four games. The 1989 Series was interrupted before Game 3 by a major earthquake in the Bay Area.
Canseco came back in full strength in 1990, hitting 44 homers and taking the A's to the World Series once again. But this time it was his team that got swept, losing to the Cincinnati Reds in four games.
Canseco continued to be productive, but after 1990 his career hit a plateau, never accomplishing what many expected he was capable of in the face of frequent injuries and controversy. In 1992, he was traded to the Texas Rangers, the first of many junkets around the league.
In 1993, Canseco received unwanted attention when, during a game against the Cleveland Indians, Carlos Martinez hit a fly ball that Canseco lost in the lights. The ball hit him in the head, jumped off the wall and out of the baseball field and was declared a home run. That same season, Canseco suffered further indignity when he asked to pitch during a runaway loss; he injured his arm, underwent Tommy John surgery, and was lost for the remainder of the season.
Canseco ran into trouble in his personal life at various times. In 1989, his wife accused him of domestic violence after he allegedly ran his car into hers. That was the beginning of a series of accusations and run-ins with the law while Canseco was in the public spotlight.
Canseco retired in May 2002 after a string of injury-filled seasons. His 462 career home runs rank him 26th on the career list. Canseco made a brief comeback attempt in 2004, but was not offered a spot with the Los Angeles Dodgers after showing up to spring training camp wearing jeans and a shirt.
In 2005, Canseco admitted to using anabolic steroids in a tell-all book, "". Canseco also claimed that up to 85% of Major League Baseball players took steroids, a figure disputed by many in the game but which approximated the estimate given by another former player and admitted steroid user, Ken Caminiti. In the book, Canseco specifically identified former teammates Mark McGwire, Jason Giambi, Rafael Palmeiro, Ivan Rodriguez, and Juan Gonzalez as fellow steroid users. Giambi admitted to steroid use in testimony before a grand jury investigating the BALCO case. At a Congressional hearing on the subject of steroids in sports, Palmeiro categorically denied using performance enhancing drugs, while McGwire repeatedly (and conspicuously) refused to answer questions on his own suspected use, leading many to view his silence as an admission. Canseco's book became a New York Times Best Seller.
In March, it was announced that Canseco would join, Bronson Pinchot, Omarosa Manigault-Stallworth, Janice Dickinson, Carey Hart, Caprice Bourret, and Pepa on the 5th season of the VH1 series "The Surreal Life".
- First player (and one of only three) to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in a single season.
- Josť Canseco joins Ruppert Jones, Ricky Lee Nelson, Dave Kingman, Alvaro Espinoza and Kevin Millar as the only players in MLB history to hit a fair ball that got stuck in a stadium obstruction. Resource: Baseball Library
- MLB players who have hit 30 or more home runs before the All-Star break
- List of players from Cuba in Major League Baseball
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