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The term Judeo-Islamic refers to the "mutual and interacting cultural influences" that existed between the predominantly Muslim society of the Middle East, North Africa, and to some degree, India, and the Jewish minority that lived within that society. By encompassing music, art, science, and mathematics, as well as theology and mysticism, it encompasses Islam in its widest sense as a civilization, as well as a religion. In general, the term refers to the historical relationship between the two communities, and was no longer relevant once Jews living in Islamic countries emigrated en masse to Israel and the West.
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