Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
He was born in the Estonian capital city Tallinn.
After completing his university education, he instantly joined the Ministry of Justice. He soon became known as a young, dynamic figure who wanted to push for reforms. Being an ally of Deputy Minister Mihkel Oviir , he was appointed Auditor General in spring 1998. He held this office until 2002. From this virtually unimpeachable office, unique in the Estonian Constitution, he frequently criticised the government and became somewhat of a popular figure in Estonian politics.
Parts became chairman of a new party called Res Publica which he was instrumental in starting, an ideology-free, largely technocratic party which can be described as a economically liberal party of mostly under-30 administrators. Res Publica now is a member of the right-of-centre European People's Party organisation.
In the Riigikogu (Estonian parliament) elections in 2003, Parts surprisingly gained a majority among the right-of-centre parties, and as a result, he was charged to form a new government coalition and became Prime Minister of Estonia. The new government took office on 10 April 2003.
On 24 March 2005, Parts stepped down as Prime Minister after a vote of no confidence against Minister of Justice Ken-Marti Vaher had passed the Riigikogu. Vaher had established a quota system of how many civil servants had to be prosecuted every year (per county), which is seen as reminiscent of Stalinist purges by many Estonians, a measure that Parts had endorsed. Since then, and until the formation of a new government, with which President Arnold Rüütel has charged Minister of Economics and Reformierakond Chairman Andrus Ansip, Parts serves as acting Prime Minister.
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