Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Belgian First Division, also known as Jupiler League (for sponsorship reasons), is the top competition in Belgian football. It was created in 1895. R.S.C. Anderlecht is the most successful league club with 27 titles, followed by Club Brugge K.V. (12), R. Union Saint-Gilloise (11) and R. Standard de Liège (8).
Each of the annual 18 competitors play against each of its 17 opponents twice. At the end of the season the two lowest-placed teams go to Belgian Second Division, while the champion of that division plus the winner of a mini-championship (called Belgian Second Division Final Round) with 4 Second Division teams are promoted to First Division. Currently, the Belgian champion is directly qualified for UEFA Champions League, the runner-up must play the preliminary round.
Matches are usually played on saturday at 20.00 or sunday at 15.00 depending on the venues. Though, some matchdays are played on wednesday. Furthermore, in recent years, televised games are played either on friday or during the weekend at different times (e.g. saturday at 18.00 or sunday at 13.00 or 20.00). The main reason is the new law that forbids televised matches to be played at the same time that other Jupiler League matches (to avoid stadium emptying for those matches).
Each team playing the Jupiler League (and second division) must have been granted the Belgian Football Association license guaranteeing the club has no excessive debts, has a secure stadium, etc. It was introduced in season 2001-02 to decrease the number of teams in the division. Originally, clubs that could not get the license were supposed not to be replaced (and are sent to third division). However, it is still not effective as, for example, K.S.K. Beveren finished 18th in 2001-2002 but were saved as K.S.C. Eendracht Aalst (17th) and R.W.D. Molenbeek (10th) were refused a license.
The 2004-2005 clubs
This year, the 18 participating clubs are the following :
|Cercle Brugge K.S.V.||Bruges||14th|
|R. Charleroi S.C.||Charleroi||15th|
|Club Brugge K.V.||Bruges||2nd|
|K.F.C. Germinal Beerschot||Antwerpen||7th|
|R.A.A. Louviéroise||La Louvière||8th|
|K. Lierse S.K.||Lier||11th|
|K.S.C. Lokeren Oost-Vlaanderen||Lokeren||10th|
|F.C. Molenbeek Brussels Strombeek||Brussels||1st (D2)|
|K.V. Oostende||Ostend||2nd (D2)|
|K. Sint-Truidense V.V.||Sint-Truiden||13th|
|R. Standard de Liège||Liège||3rd|
& : Last season position
The first league in Belgian football (called Championship Cup) was held in 1895-1896 with 7 teams. Those teams were Antwerp F.C., Club Brugge, F.C. Liégeois and 4 teams from Brussels : Racing Club de Bruxelles, Léopold Club de Bruxelles, Sporting Club de Bruxelles and Union d'Ixelles. The last two clubs (Brugge and Union d'Ixelles) were withdrawn and a new club entered the competition (Atheltic & Running Club de Bruxelles). Since season 1898-99, there were two leagues at the top level. In 1900-01, the two leagues were reunited with 9 clubs. However, the next year, first division split again, with a playoff (4 teams) instead of a final game to decide the champion. The season 1904-05 the two leagues merged and championship was played between 11 teams (but was unfinished). One year later, the promotion to new second division was created and only 10 teams played first division until 1908 when two more clubs were admitted. The number of teams grew in 1921 (14 teams), 1942 (16 teams), 1945 (19 teams), then decreased to 16 clubs two years later. Again, in 1974-75 the number of teams increased to 20 teams then decreased to 19 the next season and to 18 in 1976-77.
|1970-1971||Erwin Kostedde||R. Standard de Liège||26|
|1971-1972||Raoul Lambert||Club Brugge K.V.||17|
|1972-1973||Robbie Rensenbrink and Alfred Riedl||and||R.S.C. Anderlecht and K. Sint-Truidense V.V.||16|
|1973-1974||Atilla Ladynszki||R.S.C. Anderlecht||22|
|1974-1975||Alfred Riedl||R. Antwerp F.C.||28|
|1975-1976||Hans Posthumus||K. Lierse S.K.||26|
|1976-1977||François Vander Elst||R.S.C. Anderlecht||21|
|1977-1978||Harald Nickel||R. Standard de Liège||22|
|1978-1979||Erwin Albert||K.S.K. Beveren||28|
|1979-1980||Erwin Vandenbergh||K. Lierse S.K.||39|
|1980-1981||Erwin Vandenbergh||K. Lierse S.K.||24|
|1981-1982||Erwin Vandenbergh||K. Lierse S.K.||25|
|1982-1983||Erwin Vandenbergh||R.S.C. Anderlecht||20|
|1983-1984||Nico Claesen||R.F.C. Seraing||27|
|1984-1985||Ronny Martens||K.A.A. Gent||23|
|1985-1986||Erwin Vandenbergh||R.S.C. Anderlecht||27|
|1986-1987||Arnor Gudjohnsen||R.S.C. Anderlecht||19|
|1987-1988||Francis Severyns||R. Antwerp F.C.||24|
|1988-1989||Edi Krncevic||R.S.C. Anderlecht||23|
|1989-1990||Frank Farina||Club Brugge K.V.||24|
|1990-1991||Erwin Vandenbergh||K.A.A. Gent||23|
|1991-1992||Josip Weber||Cercle Brugge K.S.V.||26|
|1992-1993||Josip Weber||Cercle Brugge K.S.V.||31|
|1993-1994||Josip Weber||°||Cercle Brugge K.S.V.||31|
|1994-1995||Aurelio Vidmar||R. Standard de Liège||22|
|1995-1996||Mario Stanic||Club Brugge K.V.||20|
|1996-1997||Robert Spehar||Club Brugge K.V.||26|
|1997-1998||Branko Strupar||K.R.C. Genk||22|
|1998-1999||Jan Koller||K.S.C. Lokeren Oost-Vlaanderen||24|
|1999-2000||Ole Martin Aarst and Toni Brogno||and||K.A.A. Gent and K.V.C. Westerlo||30|
|2000-2001||Tomasz Radzinski||R.S.C. Anderlecht||23|
|2001-2002||Wesley Sonck||K.R.C. Genk||30|
|2002-2003||Cédric Roussel and Wesley Sonck||and||R.A.E.C. Mons and K.R.C. Genk||22|
|2003-2004||Luigi Pieroni||R.E. Mouscron||28|
Clubs that have played in Jupiler League since 1960 are :
- R. Antwerp F.C.
- K. Heusden-Zolder
- K.V. Mechelen
- K.F.C. Lommelse S.K.
- K.S.C. Eendracht Aalst
- R.W.D. Molenbeek
- K.R.C. Harelbeke
- K.F.C. Verbroedering Geel
- K.V. Kortrijk
- K.S.V. Waregem
- R.F.C. Liège
- F.C. Boom
- K. Beerschot V.A.C.
- K.R.C. Mechelen
- R.C. Jet de Bruxelles
- K. Berchem Sport
- R.F.C. Sérésien
- K.S.V. Waterschei Thor
- K. Sint-Niklase S.K.
- R. Beringen F.C.
- F.C. Winterslag
- K.S.K. Tongeren
- S.C. Hasselt
- A.S. Oostende
- R.O.C. Charleroi
- R. Union Saint-Gilloise
- R. Crossing Club de Schaerbeek
- R. Daring Club de Bruxelles
- R. Tilleur F.C.
- K.F.C. Diest
- R.C.S. Verviétois
- Patro Eisden
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