Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia (Russian: Карача́ево-Черке́сская респу́блика, or, less formal, Карача́ево-Черке́ссия) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Karachayevo-Cherkesskaya Respublika or Karachayevo-Cherkessiya.
- Area: 14,100 km².
- Highest point: Mount Elbrus (5,642 m).
- Maximum N->S distance: no data.
- Maximum E->W distance: no data.
There are 172 rivers on the territory of the republic. Major rivers include:
- Aksaut River
- Bolshaya Laba River
- Bolshoy Zelenchuk River
- Daut River
- Kuban River
- Kuna River
- Kyafar River
- Laba River
- Maly Zelenchuk River
- Marukha River
- Podkumok River
- Teberda River
- Urup River
There are approximately 130 lakes in the republic.
- Average January temperature: -3.2°C
- Average July temperature: +20.6°C
- Average annual precipitation: 550 mm (plains) to 2,500 (mountains)
- Main article: Administrative division of Karachay-Cherkessia
- Population: 439,470 (2002)
- Urban: 193,531 (44.0%)
- Rural: 245,939 (56.0%)
- Male: 205,481 (46.8%)
- Female: 233,989 (53.2%)
- Females per 1000 males: 1,139
- Average age: 33.2 years
- Urban: 33.4 years
- Rural: 33.1 years
- Male: 31.0 years
- Female: 35.2 years
- Number of households: 127,488 (with 437,338 people)
- Urban: 62,858 (with 192,642people)
- Rural: 65,130 (with 244,696 people)
The Autonomous Oblast of Karachay-Cherkessia was created on January 12, 1922. It was split into Karachay Autonomous Oblast and Cherkess National District on April 26, 1926. Cherkess National District was elevated to an autonomous oblast status on April 30, 1928. In 1943, Karachay Autonomous Oblast was abolished and the Karachay population was deported to Siberia because of their alleged collaboration with the Germans. The Autonomous Oblast of Karachay-Cherkessia was re-established in January of 1957. It became the Soviet Socialist Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia (under the jurisdiction of the RSFSR) on July 3, 1991. It was renamed the Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia in December 1992.
The head of government in Karachay-Cherkessia is the President. As of 2004, the president is Mustafa Azret-Aliyevich Batdyyev .
Ethnic tension is a considerable problem in the republic. In May of 1999 Karachay-Cherkessia conducted its first ever free regional presidential election. When Vladimir Semyonov, a Karachay, won the election over Stanislav Derev , a Circassian, there were protests by supporters of Derev, with widespread allegations of fraud. A court ruling later upheld the election result, prompting thousands of Derev's supporters to march in protest, many advocating partition of the republic.
A car-bomb that killed two people in March 2001 was blamed on Chechen seperatists.
Industry is mostly concentrated in the capital of the republic, Cherkessk. Chemical and food industries are the most developed.
- Official website of the Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia (in Russian)
- Map of Karachay-Cherkessia (in English)
- Collection of images of Karachay-Cherkessia (in English and Russian)
- Images of Karachay-Cherkessia (in English)
- An account of the disputed 1999 election (in English)
- Collection of images of Karachay-Cherkessia, with a focus on caves (in English)
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