Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- For the mountain range, see Karakoram.
The town on the Orhon River was constructed by Ögedei Khan in 1235. Persian merchants and Chinese craftmen were main habitants in the cosmopolitan empire. Although Harhorin is often said to be the capital of the Mongol Empire, the Mongol Khan lived in the movable palaces outside the city like other nomadic rulers. Harhorin served as the supply base for the actual "capital".
After Khubilai Khan moved the "capital" to Dadu, Harhorin was degraded to a provincial city. Although the Northern Yuan temporarily put the capital there, the subsequent strife between the Forty Mongols and Four Oyirad ruined it. Chinese invaders sacked and destroyed the city and massacred its inhabitants in 1388.
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