Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Karl Weyprecht, was born on September 8, 1838 in Bad König (alternatively in Michelstadt in Odenwald, Germany), and died March 3, 1881 in Michelstadt . He was an officer (Linienschiffsleutnant) in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. He is most famous as an arctic explorer, and an advocate of international cooperation for scientific polar exploration.
In 1856 he joined the Austro-Hungarian Navy (Kriegsmarine) as a provisional sea cadet. He served in the 1859 war. From 1860 to 1862 he served on the frigate Radetzky under the command of Admiral Tegetthoff. From 1863 to 1865, he was instructional officer on the training ship Hussar.
In 1868 he had to hand over the leadership of the first German polar expedition to Karl Holdeway due to ill-health. He met Julius von Payr in 1870. He made a preliminary expedition with Julius von Payer to Novaya Zemlya in 1871.
He co-led with Julius von Payer the 1872-1874 Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition on the ship Admiral Tegetthoff which discovered Franz Josef Land in the arctic. It was abandoned in the pack ice. The expedition moved on sledges to go further north, then to open water, and used boats to reach the Black Cape of Novaya Zemlya, where they were able to eventually contact a Russian schooner "Nikolaj" under Captain Feodor Veronin, and get to Vardř Norway, where they took the mail boat south and eventually returned to Vienna.
On September 18, 1875 he addressed the 48th Meeting of German Scientists and Physicians in Graz, Austria. He reported the "basic principles of arctic research" and suggested that fixed arctic observation stations should be established.
In 1879, he presented these ideas, along with George Neumayer 's to the 2nd International Congress of Meteorologists in Rome.
- Karl Weyprecht, Die Metamorphosen des Polareises. Österr.-Ung. Arktische Expedition 1872-1874 (The Metamorphosis of Polar Ice. The Austro-Hungarian Polar Expedition of 1872-1874)
- Julius von Payer New Lands within the Arctic Circle (1876)
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details