Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Kate Greenaway (Catherine Greenaway) ( London, March 17, 1846 - November 6, 1901) was a children's book illustrator and writer. Her first book, Under The Window (1879), a collection of simple, perfectly idyllic verses concerning children who endlessly gathered posies, untouched by the Industrial Revolution, was a best-seller.
The Kate Greenaway Medal is awarded annually by the UK Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals to an illustrator of children's books.
New techniques of photolithography enabled her delicate watercolors to be reproduced. Through the 1880s and 90s, in popularity her only rivals in the field of children's book illustration were Walter Crane and Randolph Caldecott , himself also the eponym of a highly-regarded prize medal. 'Kate Greenaway' children, all of them little girls and boys too young to be put in trousers, according to the conventions of the time, were dressed in her own versions of Regency fashions, high-waisted smocks and pinafores and dresses, mobcaps and straw bonnets. The influence of children's clothes in portraits by British painter John Hoppner (1758-1810) may have provided her some inspiration. Liberty of London adapted Kate Greenaway's drawings as designs for actual children's clothes. A full generation of mothers in the liberal-minded 'artistic' British circles that called themselves "The Souls" embraced the Arts and Crafts movement and dressed their daughters in Kate Greenaway pantaloons and bonnets in the 1880s and 90s.
Ina Taylor, The Art of Kate Greenaway: A Nostalgic Portrait of Childhood London, 1991 ISBN 088289867
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