Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Kingdom of Great Britain
The Kingdom of Great Britain, also sometimes known as the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain', was created by the merging of the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England under the 1707 Act of Union to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of Great Britain. A single parliament and government, based in Westminster in London, controlled the new kingdom. The two former kingdoms had shared the same monarch since King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England in 1603.
From 1707 onward, a joint "British" throne replaced the English and Scottish thrones and a joint Parliament of Great Britain replaced the Scottish and English parliaments. Scotland and England were given seats in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords of the new parliament. Although Scotland's representation in both houses was smaller than its population indicated it should have been, representation in parliament was at that time based not on population but on taxation, and Scotland was given a greater number of MPs than its share of taxation warranted. Under the treaty, Scotland elected forty-five members to the Commons and sent sixteen representative peers to the Lords. The Kingdom of Great Britain was superseded by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801 when the Kingdom of Ireland was absorbed with the enactment of the Act of Union 1801.
Monarchs of Great Britain
- Anne (1707-1714), previously Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland since 1702.
- George I (1714-1727)
- George II (1727-1760)
- George III (1760-1801), continued as King of the United Kingdom until 1820.
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Scotland
|Kingdom of Great Britain|
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
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