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Komárom county (in Latin: comitatus Comaromiensis, in Hungarian: Komárom (vár)megye, in Slovak: Komárňanský komitát / Komárňanská stolica / Komárňanská župa, in German: Komorner Gespanschaft / Komitat Komorn) was a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day southern Slovakia (1/2) and north-western Hungary (1/2) on both sides of the Danube river.
Komárom county shared borders with the counties Győr, Pozsony (Bratislava), Nyitra, Tekov (Bars), Esztergom, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Fejér and Veszprém. The rivers Danube, Váh and Nitra run through the county. Its area was 2843 km² around 1910.
The capital of the county was the Komárom/Komárno Castle and later the town of Komárom/Komárno (today in Slovakia).
In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the part of Komárom county north of the Danube became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia (Komárno county). In 1922, the territory of Komárno county was divided between the Nitra county and the Bratislava county. The southern part stayed in Hungary and merged with the southern part of Esztergom county to form Komárom-Esztergom county.
During World War II, the Czechoslovak part was occupied by Hungary under the First Vienna Award. A new Komárom county was recreated, which included, besides the territory of pre-1918 Komárom county, most of the Rye Island (Žitný ostrov ). After World War II, the pre-war situation was reestablished, except that the name of the Hungarian part became Komárom county again. This county was renamed to Komárom-Esztergom county in 1992. The part of the county north of the river Danube is now in Slovakia, is part of the Nitra region and is largely identical with the Komárno district.
In the early 20th century, the districts and their capitals were:
- Csallóköz (Hungarian for Rye Island (Žitný ostrov )), capital Zemianska Oľča (Hungarian: Nemesócsa)
- Dvory nad Žitavou , capital Hurbanovo (Hungarian: Udvard and Ógyalla)
- Gesztes, capital Nagyigmánd
- Komárno (Hungarian: Komárom)
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