Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Revised Romanization||Daehan Hanggong|
Korean Air is the largest airline based in Korea. One of the largest airlines in Asia, it operates a network that links Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, and (formerly to) South America to its hub at Incheon International Airport and its domestic hub is at Gimpo Airport (formerly Kimpo International Airport).
Korean Air began in 1962 as Korean Air Lines and was owned by the South Korean Government. It replaced the former Korean carrier Korean National Airlines. In 1969 KAL was acquired by the Hanjin Transport Group and became privately owned.
International flights to Hong Kong and China were flown with Boeing 707s until the airline was privatized. In 1973, KAL introduced Boeing 747s on their Pacific routes and started a European service to Paris using the 707s. A new blue-top livery was introduced in 1984 and the airline's name changed to Korean Air. In 1986 Korean Air became the first airline to use the new MD-11 to supplement its new fleet of Boeing 747-400s. As Korean Air grew, its MD-11 jets became used only as freighters (in addition to 747 freighters).
Incidents and Accidents
- On April 20, 1978, Soviet Sukhoi Su-15TM 'Flagon' interceptors of the VVS shot down KAL flight 902, a 707, near Murmansk after a navigation error led the plane off-course. The VVS at first thought the aircraft was a 747, but then thought it was a U.S. Air Force RC-135. Two passengers died as a result.
- The incident would replay itself when, in August 1983, Soviet fighter planes shot down KAL flight 007, a 747, which was on a John F. Kennedy International Airport-Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport-Gimpo Airport flight, on the Anchorage to Kimpo segment. All 269 people on board were killed. The civilian airliner went hundreds of miles off course and passed over restricted Siberian territory. The event was denounced by the US Reagan administration as a deliberate and wanton act of murder by an "evil empire."
- On 29 November 1987, Korean Air Flight 858, which was travelling on an Abu Dhabi International Airport, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates-Bangkok International Airport, Bangkok, Thailand-Gimpo Airport, Gimpo, South Korea route mysteriously disappeared with all 115 on board.
- On 6 August 1997, Korean Air Flight 801 crashed into Nimitz Hill about 3 miles (5 km) short of Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, Guam, killing 228 of the 254 people on board.
The Korean Air fleet consists of the following aircraft (at March 2005):
- 10 Airbus A300B4
- 3 Airbus A330-200
- 16 Airbus A330-300
- 14 Boeing 737-800
- 14 Boeing 737-900 (further 1 on order)
- 2 Boeing 747-200
- 2 Boeing 747-300
- 39 Boeing 747-400 (further 2 on order)
- 9 Boeing 777-200 (further 2 on order)
- 4 Boeing 777-300
- 3 McDonnell Douglas MD-11
Korean Air has ordered 5 Airbus A380 aircraft and has options on a further 3 aircraft. The first A380 will be delivered before the end of 2007 and the others will be added between then and 2009 (ref: Airliner World, March 2005).
- China, People's Republic of
- Korea, South
- Czech Republic
- United Kingdom
- United States
- Anchorage (Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport)
- Atlanta (Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport)
- Chicago (O'Hare International Airport)
- Dallas/Fort Worth,Texas (Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport)
- Honolulu (Honolulu International Airport)
- Los Angeles (Los Angeles International Airport)
- San Francisco (San Francisco International Airport)
- Seattle (Seattle-Tacoma International Airport) starting June 2, 2005
- New York City (John F. Kennedy International Airport)
- Washington, D.C. (Dulles International Airport)
- Nadi (Nadi International Airport )
- New Zealand
Its safety record rates a “B", the second highest grade possible, according to Air Rankings Online (see rankings at Airline Rankings). -->
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