Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Koszalin.ogg (German Köslin) is the biggest city of Middle Pomerania in north-western Poland. It is located 10 km south of the Baltic Sea coast resort Mielno. Koszalin is also a county-status city and capital of Koszalin County of West Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, previously capital of Koszalin Voivodship (1950-1998).
In 1214 Boguslaw II , duke of Pomerania has made a donation of Koszalin village by the Chelm Mt. in Kołobrzeg land (una villa ... Cussalitz iuxta Cholin in terra Cholbergensis) to the Norbertan monastery in Belbuck near Trzebiatów inviting new settlers from outside of Pomerania. In 1248 eastern part of Kolobrzeg land, including Koszalin, was transferred by the Duke Barnik I to the Pomeranian bishops which was the beginning of ecclesiastical Duchy of Kamien .
In 1266 Herman von Gleichen , bishop of Pomerania, has granted a charter to Koszalin, giving it Lubeck law , local government, autonomy and multiple privileges. In the following years Koszalin became bishop's main residence and capital of the ecclesiastical Duchy of Kamien.
By the acquisition of Jamno village (1331), part of Jamno lake, a spit between the lake and sea and the stronghold of Unieście (1353), Koszalin got the direct access to the sea, participating in the next centuries in the Baltic Sea trade, what led to several conflicts with competing seaports of Kołobrzeg and Darłowo.
After the extinction of the last Pomeranian duke (1637) Koszalin was inherited by their cousin Ernest Boguslaw de Croy , and next it fell to Brandenburg. In these years it was considered to be the capital of the Duchy of Cassubia and later divided into Koszalin county , Kołobrzeg county , Bialogard county and Szczecinek county .
After World War II as a result of peace conferences in Yalta and Potsdam Koszalin fell to Poland. Most of the German population were evacuated, managed to escaped or were expelled to Germany. The Polish inhabitants (some 10% of population) stayed here and new settlers arrived from various parts of Poland. The patron of this process was Gniezno in Greater Poland sending the first 1000 settlers.
In 1945 was initially scheduled to be the capital of the newly created West Pomeranian Voivodship, finally moved to Szczecin. In 1950 this voidodship was divided in half into Szczecin Voivodship and Koszalin Voivodship.
In years 1950-1975 Koszalin was the capital of the 'big' Koszalin Voivodship (out of 17, sometimes called Middle Pomerania) and the fastest growing city in Poland, and in years 1975-1998 the capital of the 'small' Koszalin Voivodship (out of 49).
As a result Local Governmemt Reorganization Act (1998) Koszalin was located in West Pomeranian Voivodship (effective 1 January 1999) despite the inhabitants demand of Middle Pomeranian Voivodship covering approximately the area of former Koszalin voivodship (1950-75).
1905: 21,474 inhabitants
1939: 33,500 inhabitants
1945: 17,000 inhabitants
1950: 18,900 inhabitants
1960: 44,400 inhabitants
1970: 65,200 inhabitants
1975: 77,600 inhabitants
1980: 93,500 inhabitants
1990: 108,700 inhabitants
1999: 112,375 inhabitants
- Technical University in Koszalin (Politechnika Koszalińska)
- Bałtycka Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczna
- Zakład Energetyczny Koszalin SA
- AZS Gaz Ziemny Koszalin - men's basketball team, 10th in Era Basket Liga in 2003/2004 season.
- AZS Politechnika Koszalin - women's handball team playing in Polish Ekstraklasa Women's Handball League: 3rd place in 1st league in 2003/2004 season; promoted to Premiership in 2004/2005 season.
Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Koszalin constituency
- Bogdan Błaszczyk , SLD-UP
- Andrzej Lepper, chairman of Samoobrona
- Jan Łączny , Samoobrona
- Małgorzata Rohde , PO
- Ryszard Tomczyk , SLD-UP
- Bogusława Towalewska , SLD-UP
- Ryszard Ulicki , SLD-UP
- Zofia Wilczyńska , SLD-UP
- Edward Wojtalik , SLD-UP
Further reading (in Polish)
- collective work, Z dziejów Koszalina, Biblioteka Słupska, tom 7, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie i Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne, Poznań-Słupsk 1960
- (ed.) A.Lesiński, B.Drewniak, Dzieje Koszalina, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie, Poznań 1967
- Tadeusz Gasztołd, Adam Muszyński, Hieronim Rybicki, Koszalin. Zarys dziejów, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie, Poznań 1974
- Głos Pomorza, regional daily newspaper
- Głos Koszaliński, regional daily newspaper
- Radio Koszalin, regional radio station
- Radio Północ, regional radio station
- Telewizja Polska Szczecin, regional TV station
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