Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Koyukuk is located at 64°52'54" North, 157°42'16" West (64.881745, -157.704393).
Koyukuk is located on the Yukon River near the mouth of the Koyukuk River. It is 50 km (30 miles) west of Galena. It is adjacent to the Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge and the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 101 people, 39 households, and 24 families residing in the city. The population density is 6.2/km² (16.2/mi²). There are 55 housing units at an average density of 3.4/km² (8.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 8.91% White, 0.00% Black or African American, 91.09% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.00% from other races, and 0.00% from two or more races. 0.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 39 households out of which 41.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% are married couples living together, 20.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% are non-families. 35.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.59 and the average family size is 3.32.
In the city the population is spread out with 34.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 36.6% from 25 to 44, 12.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 144.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $19,375, and the median income for a family is $31,250. Males have a median income of $30,000 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the city is $11,341. 35.1% of the population and 20.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 53.8% of those under the age of 18 and 33.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The Koyukon Athabascans had seasonal camps and moved when the wild game migrated. There were 12 summer fish camps located on the Yukon River between the Koyukuk River and the Nowitna River. Trading between the Koyukon and Inupiat of the Kobuk River area has occurred before the arrival of Europeans.
After the Alaska Purchase, a United States military telegraph line was constructed along the north side of the Yukon River and Koyukuk became the site of a telegraph station. A trading post opened around 1880, just before the gold rush of 1884-85. Steamboats on the Yukon, which supplied gold prospectors ran before and after 1900 with 46 boats in operation on the river in the peak year of 1900. A measles epidemic and food shortages during 1900 reduced the population of the area by one-third.
The first school in Koyukuk was constructed in 1939. After the school was built, families began to live at Koyukuk year-round.
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