Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Léopold Sédar Senghor
Léopold Sédar Senghor (October 9, 1906–December 20, 2001) was an Seneglese poet and politician who served as the first president of Senegal (1960–1980). He also started his own party, called the Senegalese Democratic Bloc.
His poetry was widely acclaimed, and he was the first African to be asked to join the Académie française in 1983. He wrote the lyrics of the national anthem of Senegal: Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons. While in France, became friends with Aimé Césaire and Georges Pompidou (future President of France).
Senghor's tenure as president was characterized by the development of African socialism, which was created as an indigenous alternative to Marxism. On December 31, 1980, he retired in favor of his prime minister, Abdou Diouf.
The airport of Dakar, Dakar-Yoff-Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport, is named after him.
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