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Bachelor of Laws
The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries. It is abbreviated LL.B. - LL. is abbreviation for the plural legum (of laws); thus LL.B. stands for Legum Baccalaureus in Latin. In the United States it is sometimes called "Bachelor of Legal Letters" to account for the double L.
In the United States the LL.B. became a three year graduate degree taken after completion of a four-year undergraduate degree. In the United States the LL.B. has been replaced by the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, although the form and structure of the degree is little changed. Foreign law graduates must often study to receive an LL.M., the masters degree equivalent, before qualifying for bar admission procedures.
In most of the Commonwealth, the LL.B. remains the qualifying degree for the practice of law, though some universities award the degree of Bachelor of Civil Law (B.C.L.). In the universities of Oxford and Cambridge the principal law degree is a B.A. in Law (or "Jurisprudence" for Oxford), the B.C.L. and LL.B. (recently renamed LL.M.) being postgraduate degrees. Some universities in the United Kingdom and New Zealand offer variations of this degree, such as LL.B.(Europe), which generally take four years to complete and include a wider range of topics as well as some degree of specialisation.
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