Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The river was among those mentioned by Hesiod in Theogony; they were were "all sons of Oceanus and queenly Tethys"  for, according to the image of world hydrography common to the ancients, the fresh water that welled up in springs came from the underworld caverns and pools and was connected with the salt sea. Rain fertilized crops, but the sense that its runoff filled the rivers did not figure in the Greek mythic picture.
Rivers were personified and credited with wooing nymphs and human maidens and fathering children. One daughter of Ladon was Daphne, whom Apollo pursued. She called on the river-god Peneus for aid, and he transformed her into a laurel. Another daughter, the nymph Metope was wed to the River Asopus.
Rivers are cleansing. When Poseidon assaulted Demeter, she washed away the insult in the waters of the River Ladon.
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