Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The lake is a complicated shape, with bends and arms reaching from the city of Lucerne into the mountains. It has a total area of 114 km² (44 sq mi), an elevation of 434 m (1424 ft), and a maximum depth of 214 m (702 ft). Its volume is 14.5 km³. Much of the shoreline rises steeply into mountains up to 1500 m above the lake, resulting in many picturesque views.
It borders on the three original Swiss cantons of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden, as well as the canton of Lucerne, thus the name. Many of the oldest communities of Switzerland are along the shore, including Küssnacht , Weggis , Vitznau, Gersau, Brunnen , Altdorf, Buochs, and Treib . In addition, the meadow of the Rütli , traditional site of the founding of the Swiss Confederation, is on the southeast shore of the lake.
The Reuss River enters the lake at Flüelen (in the canton of Uri, the part called Urnersee) and exits at Lucerne. The lake also receives the Muota (at Brunnen) Engelberger Aa (at Buochs), the Sarner Aa (at Stansstad).
It is possible to circumnavigate the lake by road, though the route is slow, twisted, and goes through tunnels part of the way. Dozens of steamers ply between the different towns on the lake. It is a popular tourist destination, both for native Swiss and foreigners, and there are many hotels and resorts along the shores.
Cities and places on the lake
|Left shore ¹||Right shore|
¹ At the entry of the Reuss River: the eastern, later northern shore.
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