Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) was one of the major British railway companies which existed before the 1923 Grouping ; although in 1922 it had already entered into a working agreement with the London and North Western Railway. The two companies became the major constituents of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway .
The L&YR was incorporated in 1847, being an amalgamation of several important lines, the chief of which was the Manchester & Leeds Railway (itself having been incorporated in 1836).
The system consisted of many branches and alternative routes, so that it is not easy to determine where its "main line" was. It was divided for working purposes into three divisions:
- Western Division:
- East Lancashire or Central Division
- Eastern Division]]
Suburban lines in the Liverpool area were electrified to reach a total of 37 route miles:
- Liverpool - Southport and Crossens: April 1904
- Liverpool - Aintree (two routes): July and December 1906
- Southport - Meols Cop : 1909
- Aintree - Ormskirk: 1913
The L&YR ran steamers between Liverpool and Drogheda in Ireland; between Hull and Zeebrugge; and between Goole and many Continental ports, including Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Hamburg, and Rotterdam. They also (in joint ownership of the vessels with the London and North Western Railway) operated ships between Fleetwood, Belfast and Londonderry
The L&YR's principal routes cut through the Pennines between Lancashire and Yorkshire: because of that there were a number of long tunnels: the longest being Summit Tunnel 2885 yd (2597 m) in length, near Rochdale. There were six others over 1000 yd (910 m) long.
Locomotives were painted black, with red and white lines; carriages red-brown lower panels, light brown upper panels.
Manchester Victoria station
Victoria station was one of the largest in the country: it occupied 13.5 acres (55,000 m²), and had 17 platforms.
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