Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Lecturers are generally divided into Lecturers, Senior Lecturers, and Principal Lecturers/Readers and are permanent positions in a university which involve carrying out both teaching and research. These positions are generally comparable to "Assistant", "Associate", and "Full" Professors, respectively, under the US system, with the title "Professor" being reserved for only the most senior academics in the UK, and roughly equivalent to a chaired professorship in the US.
However the academic rank system in the UK is gradually changing with promotion to senior lecturer being based on a mixture of teaching research and administration whilst the rank of Reader is obtained via research. Hence Senior Lecturer/Reader are essentially the same rank with the former position having a higher emphasis on teaching and the latter position having a higher emphasis on research at some institutions. Professorships (or personal chairs) are being awarded much more frequently in the UK than in previous years with this position now becoming the equivalent of the US 'Full' Professor. Most lecturers have Ph.D.s, and in many fields this is a pre-requisite of the job.
Australia and New Zealand
Universities in these nations are organized in a manner similar to the United Kingdom. Despite gradual changes in the promotion policies that seem to be moving institutions in these countries toward the United States' system, generally the rank and promotion policies are more conservative than the UK and resemble the traditional UK approach.
In many universities, lecturers take on additional roles such as tutoring and sometimes demonstrating in labratory settings.
Some American universities have Lecturers whose responsibility is undergraduate education, especially for introductory courses that attract hordes of students. These lecturers generally do not have research duties, and the position is sometimes regarded as less prestigious than a professorship. It may not require a doctoral degree, depending on the university (see the article, "professor"). In some cases, these positions are effectively a source of support for the better Ph.D. candidates, and are not in practice held after one's Ph.D. defense.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details