Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The original townsite was surveyed and laid out in 1859 by Theodore D. Judah as the western terminus of the never completed transcontinental route of the California Central Railroad. Lincoln was named in honor of Charles Lincoln Wilson, one of the directors of the California Central.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 11,205 people, 3,874 households, and 3,033 families residing in the city. The population density is 236.5/km² (612.6/mi²). There are 4,146 housing units at an average density of 87.5/km² (226.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 79.64% White, 0.44% African American, 1.26% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 13.47% from other races, and 3.97% from two or more races. 25.98% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,874 households out of which 40.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% are married couples living together, 13.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% are non-families. 17.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.86 and the average family size is 3.20.
In the city the population is spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $45,547, and the median income for a family is $51,166. Males have a median income of $38,460 versus $25,603 for females. The per capita income for the city is $19,447. 12.4% of the population and 10.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.0% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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