Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
List of English exonyms for German toponyms
This list is a compilation of German toponyms (i.e., names of cities, regions, rivers, mountains and other geographical features situated in a German-speaking area) that have traditional English exonyms . The names of federal states (Bundesländer, q.v.) are not included unless they are coterminous with geographical regions.
- While in the case of regions, rivers and mountains, English exonyms are the definite choice (not least of all because the features they describe often cross language borders), some lesser-known city exonyms whose difference is merely orthographic and does not affect pronunciation (Cassel, Coblenz) have begun to retreat in favour of the endonymic forms. The media are divided about the use of the English exonyms Basle, Berne, and Zurich. (The Times Style guide encourages the use of Basle and Berne. )
- Exonyms that are used exclusively in historical and/or ecclesiastical contexts are marked accordingly (h/e).
- The definite article is given where necessary. Please note that often the article is only correct in one of the two languages (Styria - die Steiermark).
- the Danube - die Donau
- Germany - Deutschland
- Cologne - Köln
- Nuremberg - Nürnberg
- Vienna - Wien
- Westphalia - Westfalen
- Zurich - Zürich
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