Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Lobau is a floodplain of the Danube located on the northern side of the river in Vienna and partly in Großenzersdorf , Lower Austria. Notably, it was the site of the Battle of Aspern-Essling in 1809, the first defeat suffered by Napoleon, which was inflicted on him by an Austrian army led by Archduke Charles, and of the Battle of Wagram, a victory for Napolean that followed two weeks later.
The Donauinsel (Vienna Danube Island), which was constructed in the 70s and early 80s, is not part of the Lobau, but borders it and is also colloquially sometimes referred to as Lobau. The Lobau itself is also used as a recreational area and is known as a site of nudism.
Small parts of the Lobau are used by the Austrian Army as a training ground. Furthermore, it is a source of groundwater, which is needed in peak hours (especially during the summer) to provide Vienna with drinking water, in addition to the water coming from the Alps through the Wiener Hochquellenwasserleitung .
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