Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
The Lockheed Constellation (affectionately known as the "Connie") was a four-engine propeller-driven aircraft built by Lockheed between 1943 and 1958 in its Burbank, California facility. 856 aircraft were produced, in four model variations. It was used as both a civilian airliner and U.S. military air transport plane, seeing service in the Berlin Airlift and as the presidential aircraft for President Eisenhower.
As the first pressurized aircraft in widespread use, it helped to usher in affordable and comfortable air travel for the masses. Among airlines that flew Constellations were Trans World Airlines, Pan American World Airways, BOAC, Air France, Eastern Airlines, KLM, Qantas, El Al and Lufthansa.
The Constellation is distinguished by its distinctive triple-tail design and graceful, dolphin-shaped fuselage.
Several Constellations have been restored in recent years, many of these to flying condition. See below for links.
- June 1939 - Initial design started
- May 1943 - Construction begins on model 049
- January 9, 1943 - First flight
- April 18, 1947 - First production model 749
- October 13, 1950 - First flight of model 1049, the "Super Constellation"
- October 11, 1956 - First flight of model 1649, the "Starliner"
- Commercial transport
- L-1049 "Super Constellation"
- L-1649 "Starliner"
- U.S. Army Air Force military transport
- Transports and electronic reconnaissance aircraft, U.S. Air Force
- Transports and electronic reconnaissance aircraft, U.S. Navy
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