Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Lomonosov (Ломоно́сов), formerly Oranienbaum (Ораниенба́ум), is a city and in northwestern Russia, on the shore of the Bay of Finland west of St. Petersburg. Located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, near Kronshtadt, and 39 km south of Saint Petersburg, it is the site of an 18th century park and palace complex (see Oranienbaum).
The original name of the town is Oranienbaum, which means "orange tree" in German (in modern German, the word is Orangenbaum). It was initially applied to the palace complex, which had greenhouses for exotic plants.
Its present name honors the scientist, poet and glassblower Mikhail Lomonosov. In 1754, Lomonosov founded a colored-glass factory near Oranienbaum, in the village of Ust-Ruditsa . The town was given his name in 1948.
Lomonosov can be reached by suburban train from Baltic Station to Oranienbaum Station .
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