Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Lewis Allen Reed, known as Lou Reed (born on March 2, 1942 in Freeport, Long Island, New York), is a rock'n'roll singer-songwriter with a lasting musical influence on punk and alternative rock. Reed has toured and recorded almost continuously since 1965. He lives in New York City.
Reed was a fan of rock and rhythm and blues, playing in several high school rock bands, and had recorded a doo wop-style single as a member of The Shades. Reed attended Syracuse University where he met poet Delmore Schwartz, who Reed credits for his simple poetic vernacular and the encouragement to become a writer. Reed also developed a taste for free jazz and experimental music. Reed said later his goals were "to bring the sensitivities of the novel to rock music," or to write the Great American Novel in a record album.
Reed moved to New York City, working as a songwriter for Pickwick Records , and co-formed The Velvet Underground as lead guitarist/vocalist/lyricist. Though internally unstable (breaking up in 1970) and never commercially viable, the V.U.'s reputation as one of the most influential underground bands has remained intact.
In 1972 Reed, now a solo artist, released the glam rock album Transformer, produced by David Bowie. He followed this with Berlin , which tells something like a love story of two junkies in the city of the same name. This, one of the more depressing albums ever made, includes "Caroline Says II" (violence), "The Kids" (prostitution and drug addiction), "The Bed" (suicide) and, unsurprisingly, "Sad Song."
Reed's chosen subject matter was far ahead of its time. Popular music would not catch up to him until the punks in the mid- to late-1970s, but even then his songs were unique: whether drenched in feedback or gently melodic, Reed usually sang about the disturbing, if not sordid, things other lyricists left out. "Walk on the Wild Side" is a wry and graphic salute to the misfits, male hustlers and transvestites at Andy Warhol's Factory. "Perfect Day" is an elegiac paean to Reed's addiction to heroin, later included on the soundtrack to Trainspotting. In his chosen material Reed followed, and updated, such authors as Allen Ginsberg and Jean Genet. Reed's persona was also far advanced, preferring black leather and S&M-like gear even in the hippie-infested 1960s.
In 1975, he produced the double studio album of pure feedback Metal Machine Music. Some regarded it as an attempt to break his record company contract. The rock journalist Lester Bangs declared it genius. Though admitting that the liner notes' list of instruments used is fictitious and parodistic, Reed maintains that MMM was and is a serious album. His albums of the late 1970s are often regarded as a mixed affair by rock critics, owing at least partly to the addictions that were then overtaking Reed.
In the early 1980s, Reed gave up the drugs and depravity, both in his work and in his private life, to address more serious concerns, notably on his acclaimed comeback album The Blue Mask . He married Sylvia Morales (later divorced). Reed fired an angry salvo at his hometown's political problems on the hit album New York , denouncing crime, high rents, Jesse Jackson, even Pope John Paul II and Kurt Waldheim. When one-time Velvet Underground patron and producer Andy Warhol died after a routine surgery, Reed closed a 25-year hiatus to collaborate with fellow ex-V.U. John Cale on Songs for Drella , a Warhol biography in minimalist pop music. Touchingly affectionate and painfully confessional, often witty, Reed's vocals blister when singing of alleged medical errors and Valerie Solanas' 1968 assassination attempt on Warhol.
Reed continued on those dark notes with Magic and Loss , an album about mortality. In 1997 over thirty artists covered "Perfect Day" for the BBC's "Children in Need" appeal. In 2001 he was the victim of a hoax claiming he had died of a heroin overdose. In 2003, he released a 2-CD set, The Raven, based on the works of Edgar Allan Poe. In 2004, a remix of his song, "Satellite of Love" (called "Satellite of Love '04") was released. It reached #10 in the UK singles chart.
He is often seen in the company of fellow artist Laurie Anderson.
With The Velvet Underground
For full discography, please see the Velvet Underground article.
- The Velvet Underground and Nico (1967)
- White Light/White Heat (1968)
- The Velvet Underground (1969)
- Loaded (1970)
- Live at Max's Kansas City (1972, recorded 1970)
- 1969 (The Velvet Underground Live) (1974, recorded 1969)
- VU (1985, recorded 1968-1969)
- Another View (1986, recorded 1967-1969)
- Live MCMXCIII (1993)
- Peel Slowly and See (1995 box set, recorded 1965-1970)
- The Quine Tapes (2001, recorded live 1969)
- Lou Reed (1972)
- Transformer (1972)
- Berlin (1973)
- Sally Can't Dance (1974)
- Metal Machine Music (1975)
- Coney Island Baby (1976)
- Rock 'n' Roll Heart (1976)
- Street Hassle (1978)
- The Bells (1979)
- Growing Up in Public (1980)
- The Blue Mask (1982)
- Legendary Hearts (1983)
- New Sensations (1984)
- Mistrial (1986)
- New York (1989)
- Magic and Loss (1992)
- Set the Twilight Reeling (1996)
- Ecstacy (2000)
- The Raven (2003)
- Rock 'n' Roll Animal (1974)
- Lou Reed Live (1975)
- Live in Italy (1984)
- Live in Concert (1997)
- American Poet (2001)
- Extended Versions (2003)
- Animal Serenade (2004)
- Sweet Relief: A Benefit For Victoria Williams (1993)
- Bright Red, Laurie Anderson (1994)
- Till The Night Is Gone: A Tribute To Doc Pomus (1995)
- September Songs (The Music Of Kurt Weill) (1997)
- Rockin' on Broadway (The Time/Brent/Shad Story) (2000, includes first recordings with The Jades  and solo )
- Official Lou Reed website
- Rock and Roll Animal, a fan site with a list of his pre-VU, Tin Pan Alley work
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