Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Louis Vuitton (born August 4, 1821, died February 27, 1892) opened a luggage store in Paris in 1854. Centuries later, Vuitton's handbags and luggage are now a status symbol around the world and are often looked to in the world of fashion.
The Louis Vuitton Company
Early Days (1854-1892)
Louis Vuitton did not meet fame and fortune until just after his death. Vuitton started with a flat trunk, known as 'Gris Trianon'. This trunk was lightweight and covered with a gray canvas. Gris Trianon soon rose to become the trunk of France's Empress Eugenie in only Vuitton's first year of having his own trunk store. ' In 1854, he also married Emilie Clemence Pariaux, who was also thirty three years of age. Only three years later, in 1857, Louis and Emilie's son, Georges Vuitton was born.
In 1860, Vuitton was forced to relocate his factory to Asniéres where he expanded due to increasing demand. 7 years later, in 1867 Louis Vuitton won a bronze medal at the World's Fair. This boosted Vuitton's already booming fame, as the company gained international acknowledgment In 1869, Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt ordered a set of trunks, and in 1877 Grand Dude Nicholas of Russia, a future Czar, ordered a set. Another world leader at the time, King Alphonse XI of Spain, also bought a set of trunks. In 1871 Vuitton moved yet again to Jockey Club, Number 1 Rue Scribe. Vuitton's method of using canvas on a flatweight flat trunk was intelligent, as it protected the contents of the luggage from being stolen. Yet, it was easily copied. Vuitton took measures to fix this in 1872, with the creation of another canvas. This canvas was colored beige and red, and it became known as 'Striped Canvas'. Louis Vuitton reached great success, but again it was copied and counterfeited copies were sold.
Vuitton was booming in sales, despite the counterfeit copies. Though he was doing well in business, his personal life was certainly not at a halt. In 1880, his son Georges married Josephine Patrelle. On their wedding day, Louis gave over control of the Rue Scribe store to Georges. Only 3 years later, Louis became a grandfather as Georges' son Gaston-Louis Vuitton was born.
In 1885, Louis Vuitton was introduced to the current Britain as its first store opened in London. In 1888, Georges Vuitton had figured out a new design for Vuitton luggage. His pattern consisted of a checkerboard of beige and chestnut and the inscription "Louis Vuitton, marque deposee". Though he listed that it was a Vuitton product, it was still counterfeit. This design was enough to earn the Louis Vuitton company a gold medal at the Paris World Fair in 1889.
In 1892, Louis Vuitton started selling handbags. The company released their first catalog featuring their trunks, handbags , and trunk beds . On February 27th, at his home in Asniéres , Louis Vuitton died. Georges now had full control of the company
Golden Age of Louis Vuitton (1893-1936)
After Louis' death, Georges made Louis Vuitton a worldwide corporation. Just a year after Louis died, Georges displayed Louis Vuitton at the 1893 World Fair in Chicago, Illinois. Georges continued to run Vuitton well as it spread internationally and his book "Le Voyage" [The Journey] was published in 1894.
In 1896, nearing the turn of the century, Louis Vuitton put out its trademark canvas. The 'Monogram Canvas', as it came to be called is shown to the right, as it uses various symbols and the Louis Vuitton logo, LV. Georges then sailed to the United States, in which he toured various cities such as New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago. He sold Vuitton products during the visit.
In 1899 Georges exhibited Vuitton products at the maiden Paris Auto Show.
At the turn of the century, in 1900, Georges Vuitton was given the honor to set up the "Travel Items and Leather Goods" section of the 1900 Paris World Fair. In 1901, the Louis Vuitton Company introduced the 'Steamer Bag', a small handbag to be kept inside Vuitton luggage trunks.
3 years later, in 1904 Georges chaired the jury for the St. Louis World Fair. In the same year, the Louis Vuitton company introduced a new line of trunks that have special compartments for items such as perfumes, clothing, and other goods.
In 1906, Georges' son Gaston-Louis married Renee Versille and Louis Vuitton introduces trunks for automobiles.
In 1914, the Louis Vuitton Building opens in Champs-Elysees. The building was the largest travel-goods store in the world at that time. Store locations open in New York, Bombay, Washington, London, Alexandria and Buenos Aires as World War I begins.
In 1924, only eight years after the end of World War I, the 'Keepall' is invented. This bag foreran the duffel bag in a travel bag for light travel to keep necessities in.
In 1929, the seventy-fifth anniversary of Louis Vuitton, a toiletry case is introduced specifically for opera singer Marthe Chenal. It could fit bottles, brushes, mirrors, powder boxes and more toiletries.
In 1931, Louis Vuitton introduced exotic bags such as a handbag of crocodile skin, as well as elephant hide handbags for the Colonial Exhibition.
In 1932, Louis Vuitton introduced the Nóe bag. This bag was made for champagne vinter to transport bottles.
In 1933, the Louis Vuitton Speedy bag was introduced.
In 1936, the golden age of Louis Vuitton ends as Georges Vuitton passes away. Estimates attribute Georges Vuitton with over 700 new Vuitton designs. Gaston-Louis Vuitton assumes control of the company. The secretary trunk is introduced for Leopold Stokowski, a conductor.
The Corporate Age of Louis Vuitton (1937 - Present Day)
In 1946 Vuitton decides to go toward other industries instead of laying off workers in the post-war situation.
In 1951, Louis Vuitton supplies all the travel items for President Auriol of France's tour of America after World War II.
In 1959, new innovations in the treatment of canvas allow more bags to be made, and Louis Vuitton releases a set of Monogram canvas bags.
In 1968, a Louis Vuitton sales office opens in Toyko, Japan.
In 1969, Gaston-Louis Vuitton dies.
In 1977, the Louis Vuitton SA holding company was created.
In 1978, Louis Vuitton stores open in Toyko and Osaka, Japan.
In 1983, Louis Vuitton teams up with the America's Cup sailing race to form the Louis Vuitton Cup for Sailing. The Louis Vuitton Cup is an elimination round in which the winner sails against the America's Cup winner from the previous year for the America's Cup.
In 1984, the first store in South Korea opens in Seoul.
In 1985, the Epi Leather line is introduced.
In 1988, the Louis Vuitton Classic Annual Automobile Race is launched in Paris, France.
In 1992, a Louis Vuitton store opens in Beijing, China.
In 1993, LVMH launches the Taiga line, a luggage and briefcase black leather line for men.
In 1996, the centennial of the Monogram Canvas occurs and LVMH spotlights various designers.
In 1997, LVMH launches a line of pens.
In 1998, LVMH adds Marc Jacobs, who designs the Monogram Vernis line, and LVMH launches a line of travel guides to major cities around the world.
In 2001, LVMH creates the Graffiti line and a Louis Vuitton charm bracelet is released.
In 2002, LVMH releases a Louis Vuitton line of watches.
In 2003, Takashi Murakami & Marc Jacobs launch the Cherry Blossom Limited Edition, Multicolor and Eye Love lines.
http://www.vuitton.com -- Home page of the Louis Vuitton line.
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