Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
An intimate relationship is a interpersonal relationship where there is a great deal of physical or emotional intimacy. It is usually characterized by romantic or passionate love and attachment, although in recent years the concept of the fuck buddy has grown in popularity.
Love is an important factor in intimate relationships. Research has established that love is more than just liking a lot, and is distinct from sexual attraction. Typically love in relationships is divided into two types: passionate and companionate. Passionate love is intense longing, and is often accompanied by physiological arousal (shortness of breath, rapid heart rate). Companionate love is affection and a feeling of intimacy not accompanied by physiological arousal.
Anthropological research has shown some variations in intimate relationships. In the Mediterranean, the idea of passionate love is frequently present, whereas in Sub-saharan Africa there is a lesser amount. Chinese couples tend to value companionate love over passionate love, whereas with American couples the reverse is true.
Different cultures have different conceptions of love. In Japan, there is the concept of amae, love felt passively, as an object of love. In China, there is a type of romantic love called gan qing, which is expressed through helping or working. In Korea, jung is a personal connection, or feeling of connected fates.
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