Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. Population: 269.105 (30.06.2003), area 302.83 km². In 2003, Münster hosted the Central European Olympiad in Informatics (CEOI).
The University of Münster is fourth biggest and one of the oldest universities in Germany.
The name derives from the Latin monasterium (monastery) and refers to the founding of the bishopric of Münster by Charlemagne (793). In the Middle Ages Münster was a leading member of the Hanseatic League. In 1534 the Anabaptists took power in the Münster Rebellion and founded a democratic proto-socialistic state. The town was recaptured in 1535; the Anabaptists were tortured to death, their dead bodies were exhibited in cages, which hung from St. Lamberti's steeple.
In World War II Münster was mostly destroyed by Allied air raids, but it was rebuilt after the war in an ancient style.
Was the residence of American artist Moondog.
- Prinzipalmarkt, marketplace in the city centre, with the town hall (14th century)
- Saint Paulus Cathedral, 13th century, with an astronomical clock of 1540
- Saint Lamberti, church (1375); the cages, which once exhibited the bodies of the Anabaptists, still hang from the steeple
- Castle, built 1767-87 as residence for the bishop, now the administrative center for the University.
Buildings and Structures
- Berg Fidel
City Mottos (running gag)
- Either it's raining, or the bells are ringing. If both: then it's Sunday.
- There's a pub opening up.
- City's official homepage
- City Panoramas - Panoramic Views of Münster's Highlights
- 7Grad.org - Bunkers in Muenster - History of Muenster's air raid shelters
- Central European Olympiad in Informatics 2003 - hosted in Münster
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