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Modified Frequency Modulation
MFM is a modification to the original FM (frequency modulation) scheme for encoding data on single-density floppy disks. MFM allows more than one symbol per flux transition — up to three — giving greater density of data than FM. It is used with a data rate of 250-500 kbit/s on industry standard 5¼" and 3½" ordinary and high density diskettes. MFM was also used in early hard disk designs, before the advent of Run Length Limited (RLL) encoding. Now, at the turn of the millennium, however, except for the steadily disappearing 1.44 MB floppy disk drives, MFM encoding is largely obsolete.
See also: Group Code Recording
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