Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- This article is about the photographer. For the SpongeBob SquarePants character, see Man Ray (SpongeBob SquarePants character).
While living in New York City, with his friend Marcel Duchamp, he formed the American branch of the Dada movement, which began in Europe as a radical rejection of traditional art. He co-founded the group of modern artist called Others.
After a few unsuccessful experiments, and notably after the publication of a unique issue of New York Dada in 1920, Man Ray stated, "Dada cannot live in New York", and in 1921 he went to live and work in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris during the era of great creativity. There he fell in love with famous French singer, Kiki (Alice Prin), often referred to as "Kiki de Montparnasse", who later became his favorite photographic model.
In 1934, surrealist artist Méret Oppenheim, known for her fur-covered tea cup, posed for Man Ray in what became a well-known series of photographs depicting the surrealist artist nude, standing next to a printing press.
Together with the surrealist photographer Lee Miller — his lover and photography assistant at the time — he invented the photographic technique of solarization. Man Ray also created a technique using photograms he called rayographs.
Later in life, Man Ray returned to the United States, where he lived in Los Angeles, California for a few years. However, he called Montparnasse home and he returned there where he died on November 18, 1976 and was interred in the Cimetière du Montparnasse, Paris, France. His epitaph reads: Unconcerned, but not indifferent.
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