Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Born in Paris, France, he began his career in silent film as a trainee with director Jacques Feyder . By age 25, Carné had already directed his first film, one that marked the beginning of a successful collaboration with surrealist poet and screenwriter Jacques Prévert that lasted for more than a dozen years during which they created films that defined French cinema of the day.
Under the German occupation of France during World War II, Carné worked in the Vichy zone where he subverted the regime's attempts to control art and filmed his masterpiece Les Enfants du paradis. In the late 1990s, the film was voted "Best French Film of the Century" in a poll of 600 French critics and professionals. Post war, he and Prévert followed this triumph with what at the time was the most expensive production ever undertaken in the history of French film. But the result, titled Les Portes de la nuit , was panned by the critics and a box office failure that ended the duo's working relationship.
Through the 1950s, the war-weary French moviegoing public wanted feel-good comedy and romance films, not the stark realities Carné continued to offer. With the New Wave era well underway, other than his 1958 film Les Tricheurs , Marcel Carné's postwar films met with only modest success and many were greeted by an almost unrelenting negative criticism from the press and within members of the film industry. Carné made his last film in 1976.
In 1989 a book was published by Edward Baron Turk as part of the Harvard Film Studies that told his story under the title .
Partial filmography as director
- Jenny (1936)
- Drôle de drame (1936)
- Le Quai des brumes (1938)
- Hôtel du Nord (1938)
- Le Jour se lève (1939)
- Les Visiteurs du soir (1942)
- Les Enfants du paradis (1945)
- Les Portes de la nuit (1946)
- La Marie du port (1949)
- Thérèse Raquin (1953)
- L'Air de Paris (1954)
- Les Tricheurs (1958)
- Terrain vague (1960)
- Trois chambres à Manhattan (1965)
- Les Jeunes loups (1968)
- Les Assassins de l'ordre (1971)
- La Merveilleuse visite (1973)
- La Bible (1976)
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