Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Shrines to the Virgin Mary
A Shrine to the Virgin Mary or Marian Shrine, in Christian culture and practice, is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, or a site on which is centered a historically strong Marian devotion. Such locales are often the destination of Marian pilgrimages .
Many of the shrines have acquired a symbolic value for patriotism and nationalism in their area.
Among the shrines considered most significant for their apparitions:
- Our Lady of Fatima in Fatima, Portugal
- The Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico City, Mexico
- The Basilica of Our Lady, Queen of Ireland in Knock, Ireland
- Loreto, Italy
- The Black Madonna of Czestochowa in Czestochowa, Poland
- The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lichen in Lichen (Poland) , Poland
- The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes in Lourdes, France
- The Sanctuary of the Black Virgin of Montserrat , Montserrat, Catalonia, Spain
- Our Lady of La Vang in La Vang , Vietnam
- Our Lady of La Salette in La Salette, France
- Our Lady of Walsingham in Walsingham, England
- Our Lady of Ipswich in Ipswich, England
- Our Lady of Ostra Brama in Vilnius, Lithuania
- Basilica of the Virgin Mary, India
- Our Lady of China in Donglu, China
- the Virgin of Sheshan , Help of Christians in Sheshan , China
Other shrines include:
- Our Lady of Bliss near Guiyang, China
- Covadonga, Asturias, Spain.
- Guadalupe , Spain.
- the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary in Longtian , China
- the Church of Our Lady of Lourdes in Qingyang , China
- the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC
- Shrine of Our Lady, Bradstowe
- Valvanera , Spain
- Our Lady of Combermere in Ontario, Canada
Use in Personal Names
In Hispanic culture, Marian shrines are a frequent source of female names of the form Marķa de [...]. Some names omit Mary/Marķa and include only the prominent source of the sobriquet (e.g. Pilar from Nuestra Senora del Pilar, or Lourdes from Our Lady of Lourdes ).
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