Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Marikina City is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, Marikina City is bordered on the west by Quezon City, to the south by Pasig City and Cainta, Rizal, to the east by Antipolo City, the capital of Rizal province, and to the north by San Mateo also in Rizal.
Marikina was given the title the "Shoe capital of the Philippines", because of its notable shoe industry. Shoemakers in the city recently finished creating the world's largest pair of shoes and hopes to have the Guinness Book of Records recognize it.
The Marikina River , a tributary of the Pasig River runs through the center of the city. The city in fact occupies a part of the Marikina Valley and is sometimes prone to flooding especially when typhoons hit the area.
The area where Marikina now stands was administered by the Jesuits during the Spanish Period starting in 1630. They established a settlement and named it Jesus dela Peņa. The area was later called Mariquina and a parish was established in 1687. In 1787, the Mariquina was declared a pueblo (town) under the Spanish colonial government. Later, when the Philippine Revolution broke out, Mariquina became the capital of the province of Manila from 1898 to 1899.
Shortly after the United States took possession of the Philippines, the province of Rizal was created on June 11, 1901 by virtue of Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon. Marikina, along with many other towns around Manila were incorporated into the new province.
On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, the twelve western towns of Rizal, including Marikina, were made a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area. On December 8, 1996, the municipality of Marikina became a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8223.
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