Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- Marseilles redirects here. There is also Marseilles, Illinois.
Marseille (English alternate spelling Marseilles) (pronounced in standard French, /mɑxˈsɛjɐ/ in local Marseilles accent) (Provençal: Marsiho or Marsilha, both pronounced /maɾˈsijɐ/) is the second largest city in France. Located in the former province of Provence and on the Mediterranean Sea, it is France's largest commercial port and the largest in the Mediterranean.
Marseille has a large and busy harbor.
- The old harbor
- Château d'If, an ancient prison island, where The Count of Monte Cristo was jailed, in Alexandre Dumas' novel
- Unité d'Habitation de Marseille, by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier
The most widely circulated tarot deck comes from Marseille; it is called the Tarot de Marseille, and was used to play the local variant of tarocchi before it came to the notice of people who used it in cartomancy.
Marseille was the birthplace of:
- Antonin Artaud (1897-1948), author
- Maurice Béjart (born 1927), ballet choreographer
- Jean-Henry Gourgaud, aka. "Dugazon" (1746-1809), actor
- Désirée Clary (1777-1860), wife of King Carl XIV Johann of Sweden, and therefore Queen Desirée or Queen Desideria of Sweden
- Adolphe Thiers (1797-1877), first president of the Third Republic
- Etienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pages (1801-1841), politician
- Honoré Daumier (1808-1879), caricaturist and painter
- Joseph Autran (1813-1877), poet
- Olivier Émile Ollivier (1825-1913), statesman
- Joseph Pujol, aka. "Le Pétomane" (1857-1945), entertainer
- Edmond Rostand (1868-1918), poet and dramatist
- Vincent Scotto (1876-1952), guitarist, songwriter
- Fernandel (1903-1971), actor
- Eliane Browne-Bartroli (1917-1944), French Resistance, Croix de Guerre
- Louis Jourdan (born 1919), actor
- Jean Pierre Rampal (1922-2000), flutist
- Jean-Claude Izzo (1945-2000), author
- Zinedine Zidane (born 1972), soccer player
- Clara Morgane (born 1981), porn star
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