Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Maus (graphic novel)
Maus: A Survivor's Tale is a graphic novel by Art Spiegelman which recounts his father's struggle to survive the Holocaust as a Polish Jew, while also following the author's troubled relationship with his father, and the way the effects of war reverberate through generations of a family. In 1992 it won a Pulitzer Prize Special Award, as the Pulitzer committee could not decide whether to categorize it as fiction or biography.
The author/artist portrays different groups of people anthropomorphically as different species of animals: Jews are portrayed as mice (German: Maus), Germans as cats, French as frogs, Poles as pigs, Americans as dogs, Swedes as reindeer, Gypsies as moths, and so on. This was both a familiar device from children's cartoons and an ironic nod to Nazi propaganda images that depicted Jews as rats and Poles as pigs, etc. Publication in Poland was delayed  because of this anthropomorphic device.
Most of the book was serialized in the Spiegelman-edited RAW magazine. It was then published in two parts (volume one, "My Father Bleeds History" and volume two, "And Here My Troubles Began") before eventually being integrated into a single volume. A CD-ROM edition also exists, although it is no longer in print.
- ISBN 0394747232 - Volume One (paperback)
- ISBN 0679729771 - Volume Two (paperback)
- ISBN 0679748407 - Paperback boxed set
- ISBN 0679406417 - Hardcover containing both volumes in one book
- Reconstructivist Art: Maus
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