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# Measurable function

In mathematics, measurable functions are well-behaved functions between measurable spaces. Functions studied in analysis that are not measurable are generally considered pathological.

If X is a σ-algebra over S and Y is a σ-algebra over T, then a function f : ST is measurable if the preimage of every set in Y is in X.

By convention, if T is some topological space, such as the space of real numbers R or the complex numbers C, then the Borel σ-algebra generated by the open sets on T is used, unless otherwise specified.

The composition of two measurable functions is measurable.

Only measurable functions can be integrated. Random variables are by definition measurable functions defined on probability spaces.

If a function from one topological space to another is measurable with respect to the Borel σ-algebras on the two spaces, the function is also known as a Borel function. Continuous functions are Borel, however, not all Borel functions are continuous.