Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Melville J. Herskovits
Melville Jean Herskovits (September 10, 1895 - February 25, 1963) was a U.S. anthropologist born in Bellefontaine, Ohio who firmly established African and African American studies in American academia. In 1948 he founded the first major interdisciplinary American program in African studies at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Herskovits's controversial classic The Myth of the Negro Past is about African cultural influences on American blacks. He also helped forge the concept of cultural relativism, particularly in his book Man and His Works .
Herskovits died in Evanston.
- Jerry Gershenhorn : Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge (2004) (ISBN 0803221878).
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