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Mendota is primarily a farming town. About 50% of its population, mostly Mexican immigrants, are employed in agricultural jobs.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 7,890 people, 1,825 households, and 1,545 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,629.1/km² (4,229.4/mi²). There are 1,878 housing units at an average density of 387.8/km² (1,006.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 27.33% White, 0.66% Black or African American, 1.31% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 63.12% from other races, and 6.70% from two or more races. 94.65% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 1,825 households out of which 53.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% are married couples living together, 16.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% are non-families. 9.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 3.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.32 and the average family size is 4.38.
In the city the population is spread out with 33.9% under the age of 18, 15.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 25 years. For every 100 females there are 130.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 142.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $23,705, and the median income for a family is $22,984. Males have a median income of $17,500 versus $21,319 for females. The per capita income for the city is $6,967. 41.9% of the population and 35.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 49.4% of those under the age of 18 and 16.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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