Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Michael I of Russia
Mikhail Feodorovich Romanov (In Russian Михаи́л Фёдорович Рома́нов) (July 12, 1596 – July 13, 1645) was the first Russian tsar of the house of Romanov, being the son of Feodor Nikitich Romanov, afterwards the Patriarch Philaret, and Xenia (of disputed family), afterwards the great nun Martha.
He was elected unanimously tsar of Russia by a national assembly on February 21, 1613, but not till March 24 did the delegates of the council discover the young tsar and his mother at the Ipatiev Monastery near Kostroma. At first Martha protested that her son was too young and tender for so difficult an office in such troublesome times. At the last moment, however, Michael consented to accept the throne, but not till the weeping boyars had solemnly declared that if he persisted in his refusal they would hold him responsible to God for the utter destruction of Muscovy.
In so dilapidated a condition was the capital at this time that Michael had to wait for several weeks at the Troitsa monastery, 75 miles off, before decent accommodation could be provided for him at Moscow. He was crowned on the 22nd of July. The first care of the new tsar was to clear the land of the robbers that infested it. Sweden and Poland were then got rid of respectively by the peace of Stolbovo (March 10, 1617) and the truce of Deulina (February 13, 1619). The most important result of the truce of Deulina was the return from exile of the tsar's father, who henceforth took over the government till his death in October 1633, Michael occupying quite a subordinate position.
Suffering from a foot disease and not able to walk, he was a gentle and pious prince who gave little trouble to anyone and effaced himself behind his counsellors. Sometimes they were relatively honest and capable men like his father; sometimes they were corrupted and bigoted, like the Saltykov relatives of his mother. He was married twice, first to Princess Maria Vladimirovna Dolgorukova (1624) who died several months after the marriage, and then to Eudoxia Streshneva (1608–45), who brought him 9 children. Michael's failure to wed his daughter Irene with Prince Waldemar of Denmark , in consequence of the refusal of the latter to accept Orthodoxy, so deeply afflicted him as to contribute to bring about his death on July 12, 1645.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details