Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Mike Nichols (born Michael Igor Peschkowsky) is an Academy Award winning movie director. He was born on November 6, 1931 in Berlin, and left Nazi Germany for the U.S. with his parents in 1939. While attending the University of Chicago in the 1950s, he began work in improvisational comedy with the Compass Players troupe (a precursor to The Second City) and later started the long-running Midnight Special folk music program on radio station WFMT. He teamed up to form a comedy team with Elaine May, with whom he appeared in nightclubs, on radio, released best-selling records, guested on several television programs and had their own show on Broadway before moving on to other pursuits in 1961. May frequently writes or re-writes scripts for Nichols, including The Birdcage and Primary Colors.
Nichols moved on to Broadway directing, helming such hits as Barefoot in the Park and The Odd Couple. His first major film direction was the adaptation of another play, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, in 1966, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Directing. His next film, The Graduate, spoke to a disaffected generation and made Dustin Hoffman a star, and gave Nichols his Oscar.
He followed that up with more successes in Catch-22 and Carnal Knowledge, but two failures in the 1970s, The Day of the Dolphin and The Fortune , tarnished his reputation. Since then, he has moved on to more Broadway productions, and executive producing of television programs, including Family.
Nichols is one of the few people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony Award.
- 1994 Nominated Best Picture The Remains of the Day (with John Calley and Ismail Merchant)
- 1989 Nominated Best Director Working Girl
- 1984 Nominated Best Director Silkwood
- 1968 Won Best Director The Graduate
- 1967 Nominated Best Director Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
He has also received the following Emmy Awards and nominations:
- 2004 Won Outstanding Directing For A Miniseries, Movie Or A Dramatic Special Angels in America
- 2004 Won Outstanding Miniseries Angels in America
- 2001 Won Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special Wit
- 2001 Won Outstanding Made for Television Movie Wit
- 2001 Nominated Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries or a Movie Wit
- 1977 Nominated Outstanding Drama Series Family
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details