Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Miller v. Johnson
Miller v. Johnson (1995) was a United States Supreme Court case concerning "affirmative gerrymandering/racial gerrymandering", where racial minority majority electoral districts are created during redistricting to increase minority Congressional representation.
The case was brought to court by white voters in the Eleventh Congressional District of the state of Georgia. The bizarrely shaped district, which stretched 6,784.2 square miles from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean was created to encompass enough of Georgia's African-American population to create a district where an African-American would have a high chance of being elected.
The court ruled against the district, declaring it to be a "geographic monstrosity". It was declared unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, according to the interpretation in Shaw v. Reno (1993).
References and further reading
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