Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Minim (religious order)
The Minims (also called the Minimi or The Order of the Minims) are followers of a religious order founded by Francis of Paola in the fifteenth century in Italy. The order flourished in France until the time of the French Revolution. The name refers to their humility as the "least of all religious" and is derived from a passage in the Vulgate, specifically Matt. 25:40.
The origin of the Minims dates to 1435 when Francis, after having studied with the Franciscans and dedicated himself to a life of solitude, took on his first followers as the "Hermits of St. Francis of Assisi." Francis and his followers founded convents at Paterno in 1444 and Milazzo, Sicily in 1469.
Later that same year, Alexander VI confirmed a modified version of the rule containing ten chapters. This rule contained the vow of vita quadragesimalis, which is considered to be the distinctive feature of the Minim rule. This rule imposes perpetual abstinence from all flesh and white meat, except in case of grave illness and by order of a physician.
The Minim habit is of coarse black wool, with broad sleaves and a think black cord to gird the robe.
The Minim order spread throughout Italy in the Fifteenth Century and was introduced to France in 1482, and later to Spain and to Germany in 1497. The order became particularly active in France, and eventually reached Latin American. It did not, however, establish a presence in England.
The order went into a steep decline after the French Revolution, and by the turn of the Twentieth Century, only 19 convents remained, all but one of them in Italy.
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details