Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
It was launched in 1984, consisting of a smaller van unibody structure without an automobile frame. The target market for this vehicle was families living in suburban areas. This vehicle was a cross between the station wagon and the large work vans that people would customize for passenger travel. It came at a time when families wanted a different vehicle that didn't have the stigma of the station wagon era of their parents. They also wanted better fuel economy than that of the big V8 powered station wagons/vans of the previous generation.
The minivan also offered another change from the large van or the station wagon: front wheel drive, usually found only on smaller automobiles. This made for easier assembly of the vehicle, and allowed for more cargo/passenger area along the floor with the absence of the drive shaft hump. Minivans typically have removable seats and with the seats removed, the cargo area in the larger minivans can hold a 4'x8' sheet of drywall or plywood flat.
In order for the style of minivan to circumvent the current 1980s emission standards, the minivan had to be classified as a truck and could not have four doors like a car. The first minivans were three door configurations with a sliding curbside door.
These early minivans came with four cylinder motors, which although they were more efficient, were not able to meet the life span of bigger engines. It was common to require major engine repairs on the four cylinder motors. The vehicles were also extremely sluggish when these small engines were paired with hydraulic automatic transmissions. Later six cylinder motors were offered and have become a standard choice by purchasers who plan to operate the vehicle for many years. Minivans are also notorious for having problems with their transaxles.
Modern minivans are now very similar to station wagons except they have a higher profile. Many later models added a sliding door on the driver's side.
Minivans are notorious for poor maneuvering and performance in comparison with most other types of vehicles, and have been mocked for those attributes by the media.
- Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager -- introduced 1984
- Ford Aerostar --introduced 1985
- Mercury Villager/Nissan Quest -- introduced 1992
- Ford Windstar
- Renault Espace
- Fiat Multipla
- The word Minivan was used in Britain especially in the 1960s and 1970s to refer to the van version of the Mini — a very small two seater van.
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