Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
This is about the Welsh town of Monmouth. For other uses, see Monmouth (disambiguation).
Monmouth (Welsh: Trefynwy - "tre(f)" town + "Mynwy" river Monnow) is a historic town in south Wales, county town of the traditional county of Monmouthshire. It is situated at the confluence of the River Wye and River Monnow, and hence the name Monmouth is an contraction of 'Monnow-Mouth'.
Monmouth boasts a 13th-century stone gated bridge, unique in Britain as it is the only preserved bridge of its design remaining. After centuries of waiting a second bridge over the Monnow was finally opened on the March 15, 2004, thus allowing the old bridge to become pedestrianised . This project has, however, meant the demolition of the old cattle market, thus Monmouth is no longer the market town it has traditionally been; however, a farmers' market selling local produce is still held.
Famous people associated with Monmouth include:
- Geoffrey of Monmouth, born in 1090 and wrote Historia Regum Britanniae, the 'History of British Kings'
- Henry V, born in Monmouth castle in 1387, who was immortalised in his victory at Agincourt and the square in the centre of town is named after this battle.
- William Jones, a liveryman of Worshipful Company of Haberdashers and founder of the first of the town's grammar schools. (The second was founded late in the nineteenth century, directly by the Haberdashers' Company.)
- Lord Nelson, who paid two visits to the town and approved a naval temple on the nearby Kymin Hill. Monmouth is home to a large collection of Nelson material.
- Charles Rolls, who lived in Monmouth and was co-founder of the Rolls-Royce company and was the first man to make a non-stop double crossing of the English Channel by plane. There is a statue of Charles Rolls in Agincourt Square, so named in recent years to attract tourists to the town by playing on Henry V's association.
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