Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
- For the computer game company, see Monolith Productions.
- For the Japanese computer game company, see Monolith Soft.
A monolith is a monument or natural feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock. Erosion usually exposes these formations, which are most often made of very hard and solid metamorphic rock.
A common cultural reference is to the Monolith from the book and film 2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C Clark and Stanley Kubrick. These monoliths are a group of artifacts built by an alien civilisation. Their purpose is to aid in the development of species. A monolith utilised at the dawn of humankind was a major reason for accelerating and directing the evolution of man to its current level of development.
The four largest are:
- Mount Augustus, in Australia
- Uluru (formerly Ayers Rock), in the Outback of Australia
- La Pena de Bernal , in Mexico
- Stone Mountain, near Atlanta, Georgia, USA
- Bottleneck Peak and Moon , Sids Mountain, Utah
- Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming
- El Capitan, Yosemite National Park, California
- Haystack Rock, Cannon Beach, Oregon
- Stawamus Chief , Squamish, British_Columbia, Canada
- Enchanted Rock, Llano_County, Texas
- Frau Holle Stone , near Fulda, Germany
- Humber Stone, Humberstone, near Leicester, England.
- King Arthur's Stone (Cornwall)
- Logan Stone (Trereen , Cornwall)
- Odin Stone (Stenhouse , Orkney; destroyed in 1814)
- Rock of Gibraltar
- Mount Coolum , Queensland, Australia
Many of these have legends attached.
- Obelisks - see this article for a list
- Ogham Stone , Dingle Peninsula, Ireland
- Adam and Eve Stones, Avebury, Wiltshire, England
- Merlin Stone, Avebury Stone Circle, Wiltshire, England
- Manzanar National Historic Landmark, USA
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