Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Monterey County, California
Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. As of 2000, the population was 401,762. The county seat is Salinas.
The beautiful coastline of the county, including Big Sur, California State Route 1 and the 17 Mile Drive between Monterey and Pacific Grove, has made the county world famous. Monterey County is also the site of a Monarch butterfly preserve.
The county derived its name from Monterey Bay. The word itself is composed of the Spanish words monte and rey, which literally means "king of the mountain." The bay was named by Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602, in honor of Gaspar de Zuniga y Acevedo, Conde de Monterrey, the Viceroy of New Spain.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 401,762 people, 121,236 households, and 87,896 families residing in the county. The population density is 47/km² (121/mi²). There are 131,708 housing units at an average density of 15/km² (40/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 55.92% White, 3.75% Black or African American, 1.05% Native American, 6.03% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 27.82% from other races, and 4.98% from two or more races. 46.79% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 121,236 households out of which 39.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% are married couples living together, 11.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% are non-families. 21.20% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.20% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.14 and the average family size is 3.65.
In the county the population is spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.00% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 107.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 107.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $48,305, and the median income for a family is $51,169. Males have a median income of $38,444 versus $30,036 for females. The per capita income for the county is $20,165. 13.50% of the population and 9.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 17.40% of those under the age of 18 and 6.80% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns
- Big Sur
- Carmel Valley Village
- Del Monte Forest
- Del Rey Oaks
- King City
- Las Lomas
- Moss Landing
- Pacific Grove
- San Ardo
- San Lucas
- Sand City
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