Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
|Home ice||Bell Centre|
|Colours||Red, white, blue|
|League||National Hockey League|
|Head coach||Claude Julien|
|General manager||Bob Gainey|
|Owner||George N. Gillett Jr.|
The Montréal Canadiens (officially le Club de Hockey Canadien, and known as le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, The Habs, le Tricolore, les Glorieux, la Sainte-Flanelle, les Habitants, le Canadien, the Flying Frenchmen) are a National Hockey League team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- Founded: 1909-1910
- Arena: Bell Centre (capacity 21,273). Formerly known as Molson Centre until 2002.
- Uniform colours: red, white and blue
- Logo design: a C with an H in the centre (for Club de Hockey Canadien)
Played at the world famous "Montréal Forum" from 1924 to 1996
- Montréal Canadiens Captains
Crowd Chants: "Go Habs Go", "Olé olé olé", "Halte-là, les Canadiens Sont Là", "Leafs Suck", "nineteen-sixty-seven" (referring to the year their arch-rivals the Maple Leafs won their last Stanley Cup)
With the exception of baseball's New York Yankees, no North American sports team has had as storied and as successful a history as the Montréal Canadiens. They have won 24 Stanley Cups, far more than any other team. In fact, the second most amount of Stanley Cups is held by the Toronto Maple Leafs, who have 11.
1909 to 1931
Before there was an NHL, there were Montréal Canadiens. They were a charter member of the league's forerunner, the National Hockey Association (NHA), in 1909. In 1916 they beat the Portland Rosebuds of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association to win their first Stanley Cup; and they returned to the finals the following season, only to lose to the Seattle Metropolitans.
The Canadiens and four other NHA team executives formed the NHL in 1917. Two years later, they once again faced Seattle for the Stanley Cup, but tragedy struck with the series tied at two games apiece: a flu epidemic hit Seattle, and star Joe Hall died. The remainder of the series was cancelled.
In addition to Hall's death, the next season they lost Joe Malone (the most frequent scorer in NHL history - had he been playing with today's schedule, he would have scored over 100 goals a season). Malone was on loan from the dormant Quebec Bulldogs, but that team returned to the ice in 1919.
With rookie Howie Morenz completing a line with veterans Aurel Joliat and Billy Boucher, the Canadiens once again reached the top in 1924, defeating both the Calgary Tigers (of the Western Canada Hockey League) and the Vancouver Maroons (of the PCHA) in a convoluted playoff format. In 1925, the Habs lost to the Victoria Cougars (now the Detroit Red Wings) in the last year of the old Western Hockey League challenging for the Stanley Cup.
The Canadiens lost goaltender Georges Vézina to tuberculosis in late 1925, and finished last in the league. The following season, the Canadiens signed a suitable replacement in George Hainsworth, who would win the newly created Vezina Trophy for best goaltender. Hainsworth would be the league's best goalie for the next few years.
But despite consistently having one of the best regular season records in the league, the Habs stumbled in the playoffs until they won their third Stanley Cup in 1930, defeating the seemingly-invincible Boston Bruins. The "Flying Frenchmen" once again beat the regular-season champion Bruins in the 1931 playoffs, then beat the Ottawa Senators to win their fourth Cup.
1932 to 1966
The Canadiens' stars (Morenz and Joliat) faded out in the early 1930s, and they had the worst record in the league by 1935-1936. Stunned by such a horrible performance, the NHL gave the Habs rights to all French Canadian players for two years. They had the second-best record in the NHL in 1936-1937, but were stunned again by Morenz's death following a devastating hit by the Chicago Blackhawks' Earl Siebert . The Canadiens were once again mired in mediocrity for several more seasons, until a team led by the Punch Line of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach lifted the Cup again in 1944 after losing only five games in the regular season.
In 1944-1945, Richard made NHL history by becoming the first player to score 50 goals in one season, reaching the mark on the final night of the season. Despite their power, the Habs lost to the Toronto Maple Leafs in the semi-finals. The team was to be invigorated in the 1946 playoffs, winning their sixth Stanley Cup.
In 1957, brothers Tom and Hartland Molson purchased the team. The 1950s were by far the most successful decade for the Canadiens, and it is believed by many that the Habs of this era were the best team in NHL history. Between 1951 and 1960, the Canadiens made the finals every year, winning six times (including a record five straight between 1956 and 1960). Toe Blake would become coach, and they added more of the league's great players such as Jean Béliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, goalie Jacques Plante (who, in 1959, became the first goalie to regularly wear a mask) and Maurice Richard's brother Henri.
Montréal fell into a state of unbridled love, if not obsession, with the Canadiens. At no time was this more evident than when Rocket Richard was suspended for the rest of the season in 1955 for striking an official in a game against the Detroit Red Wings. Montréalers rioted in the streets, causing millions of dollars in damage. The Canadiens had to forfeit the game, and went on to lose in the finals to the Red Wings.
Despite Rocket Richard's retirement in 1960, the Canadiens looked ready to win a sixth straight Cup in 1961; but they were stunned in the playoffs by the Chicago Blackhawks in the semi-finals. The Canadiens continued to suffer (relative) playoff frustration until they won the Cup again in 1965, in Yvan Cournoyer's rookie season, and repeated in 1966. The following season, the Canadiens lost to the Maple Leafs in the Stanley Cup finals, the last time the two hated rivals met each other in the final round.
1967 to 1986
With expansion in 1967-1968, the Canadiens handily defeated the fledgling St. Louis Blues in the finals during each of the next two seasons. It might have been a third straight, if the Canadiens hadn't missed out on a playoff spot in 1970 on the final day of the regular season, thanks to a tiebreaker (and since Toronto missed out as well, it meant the only time in NHL history no Canadian teams made the playoffs.)
The Habs were back to their winning ways in 1971, defeating the Blackhawks to capture yet another Stanley Cup in goalie Ken Dryden's rookie season (starting a career where he would average an astonishing 2 goals allowed per game), in addition to long-time Leafs' star Frank Mahovlich's first in a Canadiens' uniform. After losing in the quarter-finals to the Bruins in 1972 (Guy Lafleur's rookie season), they would once again win the Cup over Chicago in 1973.
The Canadiens were upset by the New York Rangers in the first round in 1974, and lost out to the Buffalo Sabres in the 1975 semi-finals. But in 1976, under the leadership of head coach Scotty Bowman, they set a record in the NHL by losing only eight games in an eighty game schedule and went on to win the Cup again, thwarting the Philadelphia Flyers' hopes for a third consecutive championship. The team was led by Lafleur (who was in the midst of six straight 50-goal seasons), Cournoyer, Steve Shutt, Pete Mahovlich and Larry Robinson. The Canadiens would then go on to win three more consecutive Cups to close out the 1970s.
Most of the Canadiens' best players were retired or traded by the early 1980s (the major exceptions being Bob Gainey, Robinson and Lafleur). They would, however, pick up star Swedish left winger Mats Naslund, as well as Guy Carbonneau in the early 1980s. By 1985-1986, they once again had a top goalie in rookie Patrick Roy. Roy would lead the Canadiens to their only Stanley Cup of the decade that season, defeating the Calgary Flames.
1986 to Today
The Canadiens would continue to consistently perform through the early 1990s, winning another Cup in 1993 over the Los Angeles Kings. That season, they picked up scoring threat Vincent Damphousse from the Edmonton Oilers, in addition to having forwards Kirk Muller, Brian Bellows and Stephan Lebeau - all four of whom scored more than 30 goals each during that season.
By 1995, the Canadiens disintegrated and missed the playoffs for the first time in 25 years. The final straw came in December of that year, when Patrick Roy allowed nine goals against the Detroit Red Wings in one game and, after head coach Mario Tremblay pulled him from the goal well after the game was out of reach, Roy approached then team president Ronald Corey and told him, "I just played my last game." Then he walked past Tremblay with a defiant look as he took his seat behind the bench. He was dealt to the eventual Stanley Cup champion Colorado Avalanche along with Mike Keane for Jocelyn Thibault, Andrei Kovalenko and Martin Rucinsky. On March 11 1996, the Canadiens defeated the Dallas Stars 4-1 in the final game at the historic Montreal Forum. The team moved into the new Molson Centre (renamed the Bell Centre in 2003) the following Saturday. Despite solid players like Pierre Turgeon, Mark Recchi, Vladimir Malakhov and Patrice Brisebois at various points in the late 1990s, the Canadiens would stumble and eventually miss the playoffs three straight seasons between 1999 and 2001. There was even small talk of the team moving, especially after American investor George Gillett was the team's only interested buyer when the Molson family sold it in 2001.
In the fall of 2001, it was revealed that centre Saku Koivu, who had been with the team since 1995, had cancer and would miss the season. However, he came back and, along with the surprising strong play of goalie Jose Theodore, inspired the team for a run to the 2002 playoffs as the final seed in the Eastern Conference. They then upset the Bruins in the first round, but lose to the cinderella Carolina Hurricanes in the second round.
On November 22, 2003, the Canadiens participated in the Heritage Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the NHL. They defeated the Oilers 4-3 in front of more than 55,000 fans – an NHL attendance record – at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton.
|2003-04||82||41||30||7||4||208||192||93||.567||Lost CSF vs. Tampa Bay|
|2001-02||82||36||31||12||3||207||209||87||.530||Lost CSF vs. Carolina|
|1997-98||82||37||32||13||-||235||208||87||.530||Lost CSF vs. Buffalo|
|1996-97||82||31||36||15||-||249||276||77||.470||Lost CQF vs. New Jersey|
|1995-96||82||40||32||10||-||265||248||90||.549||Lost CQF vs. NYR|
|1993-94||84||41||29||14||-||283||248||96||.571||Lost CQF vs. Boston|
|1992-93||84||48||30||6||-||326||280||102||.607||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1991-92||80||41||28||11||-||267||207||93||.581||Lost DF vs. Boston|
|1990-91||80||39||30||11||-||273||249||89||.556||Lost DF vs. Boston|
|1989-90||80||41||28||11||-||288||234||93||.581||Lost DF vs. Boston|
|1988-89||80||53||18||9||-||315||218||115||.719||Lost Final vs. Calgary|
|1987-88||80||45||22||13||-||298||238||103||.644||Lost DF vs. Boston|
|1986-87||80||41||29||10||-||277||241||92||.575||Lost CF vs. Philadelphia|
|1985-86||80||40||33||7||-||330||280||87||.544||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1984-85||80||41||27||12||-||309||262||94||.588||Lost DF vs. Quebec|
|1983-84||80||35||40||5||-||286||295||75||.469||Lost CF vs. NYI|
|1982-83||80||42||24||14||-||350||286||98||.613||Lost DSF vs. Buffalo|
|1981-82||80||46||17||17||-||360||223||109||.681||Lost DSF vs. Quebec|
|1980-81||80||45||22||13||-||332||232||103||.644||Lost PR vs. Edmonton|
|1979-80||80||47||20||13||-||328||240||107||.669||Lost QF vs. Minnesota|
|1978-79||80||52||17||11||-||337||204||115||.719||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1977-78||80||59||10||11||-||359||183||129||.806||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1976-77||80||60||8||12||-||387||171||132||.825||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1975-76||80||58||11||11||-||337||174||127||.794||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1974-75||80||47||14||19||-||374||225||113||.706||Lost SF vs. Buffalo|
|1973-74||78||45||24||9||-||293||240||99||.635||Lost QF vs. NYR|
|1972-73||78||52||10||16||-||329||184||120||.769||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1971-72||78||46||16||16||-||307||205||108||.692||Lost QF vs. NYR|
|1970-71||78||42||23||13||-||291||216||97||.622||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1968-69||76||46||19||11||-||271||202||103||.678||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1967-68||74||42||22||10||-||236||167||94||.635||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1966-67||70||32||25||13||-||202||188||77||.550||Lost Final vs. Toronto|
|1965-66||70||41||21||8||-||239||173||90||.643||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1964-65||70||36||23||11||-||211||185||83||.593||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1963-64||70||36||21||13||-||209||167||85||.607||Lost SF vs. Toronto|
|1962-63||70||28||19||23||-||225||183||79||.564||Lost SF vs. Toronto|
|1961-62||70||42||14||14||-||259||166||98||.700||Lost SF vs. Chicago|
|1960-61||70||41||19||10||-||254||188||92||.657||Lost SF vs. Chicago|
|1959-60||70||40||18||12||-||255||178||92||.657||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1958-59||70||39||18||13||-||258||158||91||.650||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1957-58||70||43||17||10||-||250||158||96||.686||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1956-57||70||35||23||12||-||210||155||82||.586||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1955-56||70||45||15||10||-||222||131||100||.714||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1954-55||70||41||18||11||-||228||157||93||.664||Lost Final vs. Detroit|
|1953-54||70||35||24||11||-||195||141||81||.579||Lost Final vs. Detroit|
|1952-53||70||28||23||19||-||155||148||75||.536||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1951-52||70||34||26||10||-||195||164||78||.557||Lost Final vs. Detroit|
|1950-51||70||25||30||15||-||173||184||65||.464||Lost Final vs. Toronto|
|1949-50||70||29||22||19||-||172||150||77||.550||Lost SF vs. NYR|
|1948-49||60||28||23||9||-||152||126||65||.542||Lost SF vs. Detroit|
|1946-47||60||34||16||10||-||189||138||78||.650||Lost Final vs. Toronto|
|1945-46||50||28||17||5||-||172||134||61||.610||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1944-45||50||38||8||4||-||228||121||80||.800||Lost SF vs. Toronto|
|1943-44||50||38||5||7||-||234||109||83||.830||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1942-43||50||19||19||12||-||181||191||50||.500||Lost SF vs. Boston|
|1941-42||48||18||27||3||-||134||173||39||.406||Lost QF vs. Detroit|
|1940-41||48||16||26||6||-||121||147||38||.396||Lost QF vs. Chicago|
|1938-39||48||15||24||9||-||115||146||39||.406||Lost QF vs. Detroit|
|1937-38||48||18||17||13||-||123||128||49||.510||Lost QF vs. Chicago|
|1936-37||48||24||18||6||-||115||111||54||.563||Lost SF vs. Detroit|
|1934-35||48||19||23||6||-||110||145||44||.458||Lost QF vs. NYR|
|1933-34||48||22||20||6||-||99||101||50||.625||Lost QF vs. Chicago|
|1932-33||48||18||25||5||-||92||115||41||.427||Lost QF vs. NYR|
|1931-32||48||25||16||7||-||128||111||57||.594||Lost SF vs. NYR|
|1930-31||44||26||10||8||-||129||89||60||.682||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1929-30||44||21||14||9||-||142||114||51||.580||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1928-29||44||22||7||15||-||71||43||59||.670||Lost SF vs. Boston|
|1927-28||44||26||11||7||-||116||48||59||.670||Lost SF vs. Mtl. Maroons|
|1926-27||44||28||14||2||-||99||67||58||.659||Lost SF vs. Ottawa|
|1924-25||30||17||11||2||-||93||56||36||.600||Lost Final vs. Victoria|
|1923-24||24||13||11||0||-||59||48||26||.542||Stanley Cup Champion|
|1922-23||24||13||9||2||-||73||61||28||.583||Lost NHL Final vs. Ottawa|
|1918-19||18||10||8||0||-||88||78||20||.556||Reached Final, No Decision1|
|1917-18||22||13||9||0||-||115||84||26||.591||Lost NHL Final vs. Toronto|
Abbreviations: GP - Games Played; W - Wins; L - Losses; T - Ties; OTL - Overtime Losses; GF - Goals For; GA - Goals Against; PTS - Points; CQF - Conference Quarter Final; CSF - Conference Semi-Final; CF - Conference Final; DSF - Division Semi-Final; DF - Division Final; QF - Quarter Final; SF - Semi-Final; PR - Preliminary Round.
Players of Note
- Jean Béliveau
- Hector "Toe" Blake
- Emile Bouchard
- Sprague Cleghorn
- Yvan Cournoyer
- Ken Dryden
- Bill Durnan
- Bob Gainey
- Herb Gardiner
- Bernard "Boom Boom" Geoffrion
- George Hainsworth
- Joe Hall
- Doug Harvey
- Aurel Joliat
- Tom Johnson
- Elmer Lach
- Guy Lafleur
- Newsy Lalonde
- Jacques Laperrière
- Guy Lapointe
- Jack Laviolette
- Jacques Lemaire
- Frank Mahovlich
- Joe Malone
- Sylvio Mantha
- Dickie Moore
- Howie Morenz
- Bud O'Connor
- Bert Olmstead
- Didier Pitre
- Jacques Plante
- Ken Reardon
- Maurice Richard
- Henri Richard
- Larry Robinson
- Denis Savard
- Serge Savard
- Steve Shutt
- Albert "Babe" Siebert
- Georges Vézina
- Lorne "Gump" Worsley
Future Hall of Famers:
Not to be forgotten:
- Guy Carbonneau
- Vincent Damphousse
- Eric Desjardins
- John Ferguson
- Doug Jarvis
- John LeClair
- Claude Lemieux
- Kirk Muller
- Mats Naslund
- Chris Nilan
- Mathieu Schneider
- Mark Recchi
- Bobby Smith
- Pierre Turgeon
- Billy Coutu: First player banned from the NHL for life
- Maurice Richard: Suspended remainder of season, resulting in a riot.
- 1 Jacques Plante
- 2 Doug Harvey
- 4 Jean Béliveau (Number was also worn by Aurèle Joliat )
- 7 Howie Morenz
- 9 Maurice Richard
- 10 Guy Lafleur
- 16 Henri Richard (Number was also worn by Elmer Lach )
- 99 Wayne Gretzky (retired league-wide by the NHL)
The contents of this article is licensed from www.wikipedia.org under the GNU Free Documentation License. Click here to see the transparent copy and copyright details