Science Fair Project Encyclopedia
Naguib Mahfouz was born in the Gamaliya quarter of Cairo. A longtime civil servant, Mahfouz served in the Ministry of Mortmain Endowments, then as Director of Censorship in the Bureau of Art, as Director of the Foundation for the Support of the Cinema, and, finally, as a consultant to the Ministry of Culture. During his career he has published more than 30 novels. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1988.
Many of his novels are written in serialized form – e.g., Midaq Alley.
Many of Mahfouz's works have been banned in the Middle East for alleged blasphemy. One of his earlier works, Children of Gebelawi (1959) earned him a fatwa for apostasy from Omar Abdul-Rahman . As a result, in 1994 – some 35 years after the fatwa was issued – Mahfouz was attacked and stabbed in the neck by two extremists outside his Cairo home, at the age of 83. He now lives under constant bodyguard protection. When a fatwa was issued against Salman Rushdie in 1989, Abdul-Rahman said that it would not have been necessary had the death sentence he had issued against Mahfouz been carried out.
- Whisper of Madness (1938)
- Mockery of the Fates (1939)
- Modern Cairo (1945)
- Khan al-Khalili 1945
- Midaq Alley (1947)
- The Beginning and The End (1950)
- The Cairo Trilogy
- Children of Gebelawi (1959)
- The Thief and the Dogs (1961)
- Quail and Autumn (1962)
- The Search (1964)
- Chatting on the Nile (1966)
- Miramar (1967)
- Mirrors (1972)
- al-Karnak (1974)
- Love and the Veil (1980)
- Arabian Nights and Days (1981)
- The Journey of Ibn Fattouma (1983)
- Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth (1985)
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